Updated 16-03-2023


Ratters are a primary function of the Affenpinscher breed, which was developed with that purpose in mind. This almost-human-sized toy dog is fearless despite his diminutive stature and is known for his loyalty, curiosity, and sense of humor. His apparent seriousness of intent is what makes their pranks funnier.

As the name implies, Affenpinscher, also known as the Monkey Terrier, is a toy Pinscher breed with terrier-like characteristics. The stride is supple, confident, and light. Long eyebrows and a beard give the Affenpinscher a monkey-like look that imparts an impression of comedic seriousness. An inch of rough coat covers the body, with slightly longer patches on the neck, chest, stomach, and limbs. Protected against pests and harsh weather, this coat type was ideal for the job.

Adorable, but Affenpinscher enjoys the company of older people. To rough play, chase, or be held on a lap without the option to leap down on their own time, they don't like it. Despite their diminutive stature, adult dog owners will discover that these dogs are affectionate, devoted, and guardianship-oriented.

Quick Facts

Lifespan: 12 – 14 years
Weight:  3 – 4kg 
Height:  24 – 28cm 
Colors:  Black, with or without some degree of grey shading 
Size:  Small
UK Kennel Club Groups: Toy


Family-friendly: 5/5
Exercise needs: 3/5
Easy to train: 2/5
Tolerates being alone: 1/5
Likes other pets: 4/5
Energy level: 4/5
Grooming needs: 2/5
Shedding: 1/5


  • The Affenpinscher, like many toy dog breeds, is difficult to housetrain. The recommendation is to use a crate for training
  • Affenpinschers do not get along well with rodent pets like hamsters, ferrets, and gerbils because of their ratter origin. But if raised with other dogs, they can learn to get along with cats if they're socialized with them early on.
  • Despite its wiry coat, which is commonly referred to as hypoallergenic, the Affenpinscher's coat is anything but "non-shedding." If your dog sheds, you're not alone.
  • There are only a few Affenpinschers in existence. If you're serious about getting one, be prepared to spend some time on the waiting list.
  • In general, Affenpinschers are not advised for families with small children because the breed is not naturally inclined to like children. As a devoted family member, the Affenpinscher is a wonderful pet for families with older children.
  • Never purchase a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store if you want a healthy canine. If you're looking for a puppy that's free of hereditary illnesses and has a healthy disposition, you should look for a reputed breeder.


Social Appearance 


How adaptable a species is to change. Changes in living conditions, noise, weather, daily schedules, and other aspects of daily life can all contribute to a person's mental health. As a common misconception holds, only dogs that are small qualify as apartment pets. It's not uncommon for tiny dogs to be exasperatingly excitable and vocal when living in an apartment building. An apartment dog's best attributes include being quiet, low energy, somewhat peaceful indoors, and respectful to the other inhabitants.

Sensitivity Level

Depending on the dog, a strong rebuke can be taken in stride, while a foul stare can be taken as a personal attack. If you have a loud or pushy owner, a chaotic home, or a routine that is unpredictable or variable, your low-sensitivity dog, often known as "easygoing," "tolerant," "resilient," or even "thick-skinned," will be able to handle it better. Playing in a garage band, having small children, or living a hectic lifestyle are all signs that you might fit into this category. Make sure you get a dog that isn't too sensitive.

Protective Nature

A dog's ability to notify you of the presence of strangers. There is a greater likelihood that these dogs will respond to any potential threat, whether it is the mailman or a squirrel outside the window. As long as they're welcomed by their owners' families, these breeds tend to get along with visitors.

Potential for Playfulness

When it comes to playing, a dog's breed is a good indicator of how much they enjoy it. Some breeds will continue to play tug-of-war or fetch well into their mature years, while others will prefer to curl up on the couch with you.

Personality Appearance


Sheepdogs, which were intended to herd animals and require a high level of intelligence and attention, need mental exercise just as much as dogs raised to gallop all day do. Digging and chewing are two examples of activities that a bored pet will engage in if they don't obtain the mental stimulation they need. A dog's brain can be exercised through obedience training and interactive dog toys, as well as through dog sports and occupations like agility and search and rescue.

Energy Level

Energy-filled dogs are always ready to go. These canines were initially designed to retrieve prey for hunters or herd animals. Allergies to new sights and odors drive these animals to jump, play, and explore.

A low-energy dog is happy to sleep the day away like a human couch potato. Predict whether a playful, energetic dog will be exciting or frustrating before choosing one.

Easy To Train

Easy-to-train dogs can quickly connect a prompt (like "sit"), an action (sitting), and a reward (receiving a treat). Other dogs require more time, patience, and repetition.

You'll need to utilize rewards and games to teach many breeds who are bright but don't want to comply with your commands.

Family Affection Level

Affectionate With Family

How loving a breed is with family members or close friends. Some breeds are reserved around strangers, while others treat everyone as close friend.


Children's conduct, as well as a dog breed's overall family-friendly temperament. Children under the age of 12 should never be left alone with dogs, even if they've had some previous experience with them.

Dog Friendly

Friendliness toward dogs and a human's friendliness are two distinct concepts. Even though they're good with people, some dogs may attack or try to dominate other dogs; some would prefer play than fight; and yet others may turn tail and flee. 

There are other considerations besides the animal's breed. Good social skills in dogs are more likely to be developed in puppies who were raised in close quarters with their littermates and mother for at least the first six to eight weeks of their lives.

Physical Appearance

Amount of Shedding

To what extent can you expect the breed to leave behind its hair and fur? More frequent brushing and vacuuming and lint rolling are required for breeds that shed a lot, as well as for breeds that cause allergies.

Drooling Potential

How prone to drooling a breed is. Dogs that slobber in long strands down your arm or leave puddles of slobber on your clothes may not be the best pick for you if you're a neat freak.

Easy To Groom

Some dogs may be brushed and go, while others need to be bathed, clipped, and otherwise groomed regularly in order to maintain their health and cleanliness. Grooming a dog that requires a lot of time and patience may not be in your best interest if you do not have the time or the money to do so.

Exercise Needs

Some breeds can tolerate evening walks around the neighborhood. The physical demands of some jobs, such as herding or hunting, necessitate daily exercise.

Their pent-up energy may appear in undesirable behaviors such as barking, gnawing, and digging. Owners who enjoy the outdoors or want to compete in a high-energy dog sport like agility would benefit from dogs that require a lot of activity.

Average sizes and life expectancy of the breed


7 to 9 pounds


12 to 14 years


9 to 11 inches tall at the shoulder

Breed Type:



Affenpinscher dates back to the 1600s in Germany, where they originated. In the past, they were bred for their exceptional abilities as a ratter, and as a result, they were larger. They were essential in riding stables and homes of vermin. In addition, they were cherished members of the household.

It's possible that German pinschers and pugs influenced the development of the breed. The Brussels griffon and miniature schnauzer were both bred in part as a result of the affenpinscher influence.

The first affenpinscher breed groups were formed in the late 1800s. The breed was initially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1936.

Personality and Temperament

Adorable and curious to the core, the Affenpinscher is always on the lookout. When it comes to his family, he has nothing but loyalty and will go to great lengths to keep them safe. Preventing him from facing canines 10 times his size is critical. He's prone to hyperventilation, and it can take him a long time to calm down if he perceives a threat.

Their fearlessness is the most well-known characteristic of these dogs. When it comes to guarding their families, most little dogs have an astounding lack of size awareness, but the Affenpinscher takes it to a whole new level. Even a bear would be no match for these fearless dogs! You'll be shocked at how effectively these tiny pup can handle themselves in games and activities when paired with their remarkable courage and agility.

Affenpinscher, like all dogs, benefits greatly from early exposure to a wide variety of people, sights, noises, and experiences. Your Affenpinscher puppy's well-rounded, extroverted, and sociable nature will be maintained through socialization. It's a good idea to enroll him in a puppy kindergarten class. Having friends over and taking him to crowded parks, dog-friendly stores, and strolls around the neighborhood will all help him improve his social abilities.


Even though Affenpinscher don't have a lot of energy, they nevertheless need to be walked about the house at least once every day. Consistent training and socializing are also necessary for well-behaved pets. And they need more than a simple bath and brush.


Like any other breed, Affenpinschers are susceptible to a variety of health issues. If you're thinking about getting an Affenpinscher, it's crucial to know about these diseases, even if you don't think you'll acquire any of them.

Knee Problems

Stifle slips, also called "slipped stifles," occur frequently in tiny dogs. Knee pain can be caused by a misaligned patella, which includes three components: the femur, patella, and tibia. This results in lameness or an irregular gait, such as a skip or a hop, in the animal's leg. Though it may not manifest until later in life, this condition is present at birth, even though it may not manifest until later in life.

The continual rubbing might cause patellar luxation arthritis, a degenerative joint disease. The tibia is excessively twisted and the patella is unable to be straightened manually. So, the dog has bowlegged legs. Severe patellar luxation may necessitate surgery.


An Affenpinscher's eyesight is frequently impaired by cataracts as he or she ages. When examining him, we'll keep an eye out for a hazy appearance to his eye lenses, which means they're becoming less transparent. Many dogs can adapt to the loss of their eyesight and have normal lives. Surgeons may be able to remove cataracts and restore vision with surgical intervention.

Legg-Perthes Disease 

Hip dysplasia and a malformation of the ball of the hip joint can be mistaken for each other in puppies as young as 6 to 9 months of age. It wears down the joints, causing pain and discomfort. With the support of rehabilitation therapy after the surgery, the prognosis is excellent.

Seasonal Hair Loss

Due to a disorder known as "seasonal flank" alopecia, dogs lose their hair on the sides of their bodies, generally ahead of their hind legs, but it can affect any part of their body. When the seasons change, the hair normally grows back, making this a seasonal phenomenon. 

Even if the hair may grow back in a different hue, it isn't always the case. Why this occurs more frequently in Affenpinscher is still a mystery. As a precaution, we'll devise a dose plan and monitor for adverse effects if this normally harmless condition becomes a worry.

Hip Dysplasia 

The thigh bone does not fit snugly into the hip joint. Hip dysplasia can cause lameness or pain in a dog's rear legs, although you may not see it. Arthritis can develop in older dogs. These include the University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program and the Orthopaedic Foundation for Animals (Penn HIP).

It is not advised to breed dogs with hip dysplasia. Before purchasing a puppy, verify with the breeder that the parents have been tested for hip dysplasia and are healthy. However, environmental factors such as rapid growth from high-calorie diets or falls on slippery flooring can also cause hip dysplasia.

Heart Murmurs

There is a problem with blood flow in the chambers of the heart that results in cardiac murmurs. They're a warning sign that your heart needs to be closely examined and treated if you have them.

Retained Puppy Teeth

A dog's first set of "puppy" teeth often fall out at the age of four months. Infection or damage to the adult teeth may occur if the primary teeth do not fall out as the adult teeth come in. The Affenpinscher, a tiny dog breed, is known for tending to retain its teeth. 

In between the adult tooth and primary tooth, food and hair are caught by the retained puppy teeth. If left untreated, foul breath, gum pain, and tooth loss can occur. We'll keep an eye on his teeth as they grow, and if puppy teeth are found alongside his adult teeth, we'll urge that they be removed.

The health clearances for both of your dog's parents must be provided by a reputable breeder when you buy a puppy. It is important to note that a dog's health clearance proves that it has been checked and cleared of a specific illness.

Recommended Health Tests 

  • Patella Evaluation
  • Ophthalmologist Evaluation


High-quality dry food about 1/4 to 1/2 cup each day, divided into two meals.

Your dog's weight, age, build, metabolism, and activity level all have a role in how much he eats as an adult. In the same way that people differ in the amount of food they require, so do dogs. It's a given that a dog who's constantly on the run will require more care and attention than one who likes to laze around.

Your dog's health depends on the quality of the dog food you buy, which means you'll have to use less of it and feed it less frequently if you buy a high-quality product. Instead of putting food out all the time, measure out his food and feed him twice a day to keep your Affenpinscher slim. Take a look at his face and his body to see if he's overweight.

To begin, keep your gaze fixed on him. A waistline ought to be discernible. Then, with your fingers stretched out and your thumbs aligned with his spine, place your hands on his back. With enough pressure, you should be able to feel his ribs, but not see them. Unless you can, he'll need to eat less and exercise more.


However, Affenpinscher requires a good amount of grooming. To keep the coat from matting, use a slicker brush and a comb at least twice a week.

Trimming your dog's fur regularly is also a necessity. Many pet owners hire a professional groomer to do their dog's nails, but it is possible to learn how to do it yourself. Trim the hair around the eyes to keep your dog's vision unobstructed.

As the coat is fairly clean, baths will be required every few months or so. Keep an eye out for any build-up of wax, debris, or irritation in your dog's ears at least once each week. And every month, inspect its nails to see whether they need to be trimmed. Brush its teeth every day as well.


Dogs should be given at least 30 to an hours of exercise every day. All that's needed are a few brisk walks and some quality playing. Physical and cerebral stimulation can be provided via dog sports and puzzle toys.

Due to its short nose, this breed is prone to overheating, therefore keeping outdoor playtime to a minimum in hot weather. Also, don't underestimate this pup's speed and stubborn refusal to listen to your commands if it spots a mouse outside it wants to chase it. Keep it on a leash or enclosed in a secure environment at all times.


Affenpinschers are known for their independent nature, which can make them difficult to teach. You may still get the most out of them by using positive training approaches and by making training sessions fun for them. In addition, brief training sessions are better for keeping their attention focused on the task at hand.

To avoid the formation of undesirable habits, it's best to begin training as early as feasible. Puppy classes teach your dog the fundamentals of good manners and behavior. It's also a good idea to expose your dog to a variety of people and circumstances at an early age.

Affenpinscher may not be the best choice for families with young children because they dislike being squeezed and other forms of rough handling. If they've been socialized with other dogs from an early age, they're more forgiving. But because of their predation drive, they may not be suited for smaller home pets, like rats.

Children and Other Pets

Aggressive behaviors like hitting, squeezing, or hugging are detrimental to the Affenpinscher's disposition. If they can't flee, they'll growl or snap to defend themselves. This makes them inappropriate for young families. "Love and kisses" from a tiny child may not always be required.

Even if he won't live with them, you should socialize with him and keep an eye on his interactions with children. Always supervise children under the age of 18 with puppies and tiny dogs. Lie on their backs on the floor with the dog curled up on their laps. If the dog's body language indicates he is unhappy with the child's attention, kennel him.

Keep a watch out for any youngster dog-biting or ear or tail-pulling events. Teach your child to respect dogs' privacy and not interrupt them while they are eating or sleeping. Never leave a child alone with a dog.

Like most toy breeds, Affenpinschers are completely ignorant of their size and will cheerfully accept dogs much larger than themselves. Prepare to defend them.


You should be aware of this when you adopt an Affenpinscher puppy into your home since this breed is very loyal and requires a lot of time, attention, and dedication to care for. At times, they can be feisty tiny dogs who are courageous to an extreme degree and have a great desire to hunt down small animals.

Affenpinscher puppies are very petite because they are Toy breeds. Dog owners must therefore take extra precautions to ensure the safety of young puppies while also enabling them to explore their surroundings.

Because Affenpinschers are a somewhat rare breed, finding and purchasing one can be difficult and expensive. Before you can bring one home, you may be on a waiting list. Pedigree puppies can cost upwards of $1,000, but in general, plan to pay at least $500.

You should meet the parents of any puppy, especially purebreds, to get a sense of the puppy's temperament. There is some influence of upbringing and environment on a dog's disposition, but the vast majority of a dog's temperament is passed down genetically. As a bonus benefit of speaking with the parents, you'll have a chance to inspect the breeding facilities for cleanliness and efficiency first-hand.

Top Affenpinscher Names

Female Names

  • Luna
  • Ginger Adam
  • Dog
  • Bella
  • Lucy
  • Violet
  • Bella
  • Ruby
  • Coco
  • Lulu

Male Names

  • Max
  • Louie
  • Chewy
  • Puppy
  • Macguyver
  • Blue
  • Murphy
  • Duplicate
  • Teddy
  • Chance

Related Dog Breeds

They include Cairn terriers, Norfolk terriers as well as the Border terrier.

  • When it comes to height, the Cairn terrier is slightly taller than the Affenpinscher. Both dogs are attentive, lively, and generally well-suited to people with allergies.
  • Like Affenpinscher, Norfolk terriers have a fierce and sweet nature. Norfolk terriers are in the Terrier group, not the toy group, despite their similar size.
  • They are larger and heavier than Affenpinscher, which is smaller and lighter. As intelligent and lively as Border terriers, Affenpinscher also has an incredibly loyal nature.

Affenpinscher - Wikipedia

Craniometric Analysis of the Hindbrain and Craniocervical Junction of Chihuahua, Affenpinscher and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dogs With and Without Syringomyelia Secondary to Chiari-Like Malformation | PLOS ONE