Updated 17-03-2023

Afghan Hound

Among dogs, the Afghan Hound is one of the most graceful. The appearance of this historic dog breed is unlike any other, with its silky hair, unusual face, and model-like frame. Afghan hound fans describe this dog as aloof and humorous, regardless of its appearance.

Other names for them are Kuchi Hound, Tāzī, Balkh Hound, Baluchi Hound, Barutzy Hound, Shalgar Hound, Kabul Hound, Galanday Hound, or sometimes, incorrectly, African Hound.

The Afghan, a dog native to Afghanistan whose original name was Tazi, is one of the world's oldest breeds, dating back to the pre-Christian era. The purebred Afghan Hound can be found in shelters or with rescue groups. Adopt if you can if this is the breed for you.

Afghan Hounds were originally bred to hunt enormous game in Afghanistan's highlands and deserts, where they needed their long, flowing coats to keep them warm. Because of his ability to run quickly and bravely over long distances while holding hazardous animals like leopards at bay until his horse-riding huntsman could catch up, the Afghan was highly prized. Additionally, the Afghan was admired for his ability to think and hunt on his own.

The Afghan hound, a medium-sized and slim breed of dog, is recognized for its long, silky coat and show-worthy features. It is widely accepted that the majority of today's Afghan hounds were born in Great Britain in the early twentieth century. Afghan hounds are well known for their striking looks, but they're also noted for their independence, self-assurance, and gentle, quiet, and amusing personalities when among people they know and trust.


  • The importance of proper grooming cannot be overstated. It is only for people who enjoy grooming or are prepared to pay a professional groomer to do so that an Afghan Hound should be considered.
  • The Afghan hound’s independence might make training him difficult. Patience is a virtue in training, as it can take a long time. Learning to live at home might be challenging. Up to the age of six months, this breed might still have accidents in the house.
  • It is in the Afghan's nature to pursue prey (the neighbour’s cat, your son's bunny, the third-grade class hamster, etc.) in pursuit of its innate hunting urge.
  • Being rough with Afghan Hounds will upset their delicate nature, so treat them gently.
  • It is better if the puppy grows up with the children he will live with and the youngsters realise the significance of being considerate of this dog's sensitive temperament. This breed is usually good and even loving with children.
  • Pain tolerance is low in the Afghan Hound. These dogs can be fussy or babyish when they've had a slight injury.
  • Never purchase a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store if you want a healthy canine. If you want to be certain that your puppy will be free of hereditary illnesses and have a healthy temperament, look for a reputable breeder who conducts genetic testing on her breeding dogs.


Social Appearance 


As a common misconception holds, only dogs that are small qualify as apartment pets. Many tiny dogs have too much energy and are too yappy to be happy in an apartment building. An apartment dog's best attributes include being quiet, low energy, somewhat peaceful indoors, and respectful to the other inhabitants. You may also get a great dog kennel here to give your pet a little more privacy in your home.

Sensitivity Level

While some dogs are unfazed by a sharp correction, others take offence at even the most innocuous of looks. It's easier for dogs with low sensitivity to manage a noisy, chaotic home, a louder or more aggressive owner, and an unpredictable or variable routine, often known as "easygoing," "tolerant," "resilient," or even "thick skin." Playing in a garage band, having small children, or living a hectic lifestyle are all signs that you might fit into this category. Choose a dog that isn't overly sensitive.

Protective Nature

A dog's ability to notify you of the presence of strangers. The mailman or a squirrel outside the window won't faze these dogs, which are more alert to potential danger. Strangers that come into their homes and are accepted by their family will be welcomed with open arms by these breeds.

Potential for Playfulness

When it comes to playing, a dog's breed is a good indicator of how much they enjoy it. Some breeds may continue to play tug-of-war or fetch well into their old years, while others would prefer to curl up on the couch with you.

Personality Appearance


Sheepdogs, which were intended to herd animals and require a high level of intelligence and attention, need mental exercise just as much as dogs raised to gallop all day do. Digging and chewing are two examples of activities that a bored pet will engage in if they don't obtain the mental stimulation they need. When it comes to exercising a pet's brain, obedience training and interactive toys are two of the best ways to do it.

Energy Level

Dogs with lots of stamina are always up for an adventure. Originally, these dogs were bred to herd livestock or to retrieve prey for hunters. Itchy eyes and noses cause these creatures to hop, play, and explore new environments.

A low-energy dog enjoys snoozing on the couch like a human. Make an educated guess as to whether a dog with a high level of energy and playfulness will be thrilling or annoying before making a final decision.

Easy To Train

It is easier for dogs that are easy to teach to build associations between a cue (like "sit"), an action (like sitting), and a reward (like a treat) than it is for dogs who are more difficult to train. Other dogs require more time, patience, and repetition to learn.

You'll need to utilize incentives and games to get your dog excited about training because many breeds are intelligent but have a "What's in it for me?" training mentality.

Family Affection Level

Affectionate With Family

What kind of relationship a dog has with his family or other close friends. When it comes to social interactions, some breeds are reserved and reserved only with their owner.


A kid-friendly dog must be kind with children, strong enough to withstand the hefty pets and embraces they can give out, and tolerant of running, scream-inducing toddlers. Some of the names on the list may come as a shock to you: Fierce-looking Boxers and American Staffordshire Terriers are believed to be good with children (which are considered Pit Bulls). Chihuahuas, who are small, sensitive, and potentially sharp, are not usually family-friendly.

Dog Friendly

Friendliness toward dogs and a human's friendliness are two distinct concepts. Even if a dog is a big fan of humans, it is possible for it to attack or try to dominate another dog. Other dogs prefer to play rather than fight, and some will simply go away. It's not only a matter of genetics. At six to eight weeks of age, puppies should have spent a lot of time playing with their littermates and their mother, and they are more likely to have good social skills.

Physical Appearance

Amount of Shedding

Your clothes and your home will likely get soiled by dog hair if you bring a pet into the mix. It's worth noting, however, that shedding varies widely between breeds. Some dogs shed all year long, while others "blow" just during specific times of the year, and still others don't shed at all. Pick a breed that sheds less or lower your requirements if cleanliness is important to you. A de-shedding tool can help keep your home a little cleaner.

Drooling Potential

How prone a breed is to drooling. When it comes to dogs, if you're obsessive about cleanliness, you may want to avoid dogs that leave slobbery strands on your arm or large wet spots on your clothing.

Easy To Groom

Some dogs may be brushed and go, while others need to be bathed, clipped, and otherwise groomed on a regular basis in order to maintain their health and cleanliness. If you don't have the time or money to take care of a dog that requires a lot of grooming, you may want to look into hiring a professional.

Exercise Needs

Some breeds are happy with a leisurely stroll around the neighbourhood at night. Those that were originally developed for physically demanding jobs, such as herding or hunting, require regular, rigorous exercise.

When these breeds don't get enough exercise, they may put on weight or engage in other undesirable behaviours, like barking, chewing, and digging. If you're an active person who likes to go outside and play with your dog, you should consider a breed that requires a lot of activity.

Average sizes and life expectancy of the breed

Weight: 50 to 60 pounds

Lifespan: 10 to 12 years

Height: 24 to 26 inches tall at the shoulder

Breed Type: Hound Dogs



An English soldier's picture of an Afghan hound in 1809 is one of the earliest documented accounts; nonetheless, the breed's existence precedes written history, making it difficult to determine exactly when the breed first arose. They are one of nine ancient or "basal" breeds, which means their DNA is more closely related to the canines of ancient history than common contemporary varieties. Afghan Hound. 

There are considerable distinctions in the coat and coloration of Afghans from different parts of Afghanistan. Afghan hounds from the mountains have thick, dark coats, while those from the desert have lighter, thinner coats. For generations, people have relied on sighthounds for their quickness, fast and independent thinking, and panoramic vision common characteristics of all sighthounds to help them track down prey.

Today's Afghans are largely the consequence of English efforts in the 1920s to breed the country's population. Early 1900s soldiers and noblemen relied on the breed, but it nearly died out during World War I as finances shifted and caring for companion animals became more challenging. The American Kennel Club registered the Afghan hound in 1927 after British military officials began bringing the breed to the West in the 1920s (AKC). Throughout the 1980s, the Afghan hound was a staple of the show and obedience circuits in the United States.

Personality and Temperament

Afghan Hounds live in a single household or family. A grumpy dog will not greet your guests. He'll likely irritate them by ignoring their presence. While there are exceptions, this breed is not known for being a good watchdog.

Training an Afghan is difficult due to the country's mentality. Unlike other breeds, this hound isn't driven by food or desire to please. In spite of its magnificent presentation, an Afghan has often refused to cooperate in the show ring. But this breed is noted for outperforming other kinds on its own.

Harsh treatment can make this dog reclusive or even hostile. Gently touching, loving, and patiently accepting that the dog will not always comply.

The Afghan Hound's subdued demeanor makes it an unfriendly creature. Expect them to only love those they know and trust. They might be affectionate with family members yet fearful of strangers.

While they build strong bonds with a single person or even a family, this breed is also self-sufficient. These dogs don't need or want constant attention, which may be too much.

To chase and capture game until the hunter caught up, this breed's independence is reasonable. But it can make coping with them more difficult. They're also not suitable for families seeking a loyal and affectionate companion.


Due to its tremendous activity and lengthy hair, this breed requires a fair amount of exercise and maintenance. Often, an Afghan hound will be more than pleased to curl up on the couch with its owners after a good run. The Afghan's coat is practically dander-free because of particles being contained in its hair, a lack of an undercoat, and a moderate amount of shedding, which is why it is called a hypoallergenic breed.


As with other breeds of dogs, Afghans are prone to a few ailments, but this is true of all dogs. If you're thinking about getting an Afghan, you should be aware that not all of these ailments will affect your pet.

Look for a reputable breeder that can provide you with health clearances for the puppy's parents if you're considering purchasing one. It is important to note that a dog's health clearance proves that it has been checked and cleared of a specific illness.


People-like signs such as sneezing, itching, hair loss, and lethargic behaviour are also present in the Afghan population. Dietary restrictions, drugs, and alterations to one's surroundings are all possible treatment options, and they all depend on the underlying problem.


An abnormally large sore or lump, sores that do not heal, and bleeding from any body opening are all possible signs of canine cancer. Chemotherapy, surgery, and medication are all forms of cancer treatment.

Hip Dysplasia

It is particularly common in dogs weighing more than 45 pounds. Hip dysplasia is the underlying cause. Since the femur doesn't fit properly inside the hip socket, it's impossible to walk normally. As a result, your dog's quality of life will be negatively impacted, as they rub against each other. Hip dysplasia can be treated and mitigated, allowing your dog to have a meaningful life despite the condition.

Bleeding Tumor

Afghan Hounds are more likely than average to develop the bleeding tumour hemangiosarcoma. Tumors of this type typically develop in the spleen, but they can also develop in other organs. When the tumour breaks open, internal bleeding occurs without the knowledge of a pet owner. Some tumours might grow to the size of a volleyball or larger before any symptoms appear. Senior wellness testing typically reveals signs of the presence of one of these tumours, so get his blood tested and an ultrasound conducted at the very least once a year.

Dental Abnormalities

Teeth anomalies in dogs, especially purebreds like your Afghan, are relatively frequent and are generally caused by genetics. Having a malocclusion, or bad bite, refers to having an overbite or an underbite. An oligodontia patient has only a few teeth. Tooth misalignment is another common occurrence that can lead to a variety of issues, although it is usually treatable with braces or extractions. Braces for dogs are possible! Because we care about your buddy's oral health, we'll be keeping a careful eye on how his teeth are developing.

Juvenile cataracts

In dogs, the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) describes cataracts as a "partial or total opacity of the lens," and advises that this is the major cause of visual loss. Cataracts may be surgically removed depending on the severity of the condition.


Afghan Hounds, like other dogs with large chests, are prone to bloat. Bloat can appear quickly and without apparent cause. Gas, food, or fluid will fill your dog's stomach and put pressure on other organs. An even more serious problem is that the stomach is capable of twisting on itself, further aggravating the situation. If left untreated, bloat can be fatal.


It's a condition of the thyroid gland at play. Ear and skin infections, hair loss, tiredness, and depression are all signs that you may be suffering from this condition. A combination of medication and dietary changes is usually enough to alleviate the symptoms in most people with this illness.

Recommended Health Tests 

  • Hip Evaluation
  • Ophthalmologist Evaluation
  • Thyroid Evaluation


These dogs should consume between 2 and 2.5 cups of high-quality dry food each day.

Adult dogs eat at different rates depending on their size, age, build, metabolism and degree of exercise. Dogs, like people, are unique beings who require different amounts of nutrition. If you have a dog that is constantly on the move, you'll need a lot more food and water. There is a direct correlation between the amount of food you buy and how well it will nourish your dog. The better the food, the less you will have to shake into your dog's bowl.

Feed your Afghan twice a day, rather than leaving food out all the time, to keep him in good form. Give him the eye and hands-on tests if you're not sure if he's overweight. First and foremost, fix your gaze on him. A waist should be seen. In this position, lay your thumbs along his spine and your fingers stretch outward across his back, allowing him to relax. You should be able to feel his ribs but not see them if you apply enough pressure. In the event that you can't, he needs to eat less and work out more.


  • If you thought these hounds were high-maintenance when it came to exercise, wait till you see their coats!
  • The Afghan Hound's long, flowing, luxurious coat is unmistakable. Few other dogs have such a lovely coat. It cascades down their backs and necks, reaching to their toes. In some ways, they resemble The Addams Family's cousins.
  • The issue is that a coat like this is easily tangled. Keeping it free of knots and detritus from the exterior appears difficult. But the truth may be worse.
  • Daily grooming of Afghan Hounds. A five-minute mild brushing isn't enough here. Cleaning, detangling, and grooming your dog's coat can be full-time work. Maybe, but not significantly.
  • Brushing and grooming your Afghan Hound should take 30-60 minutes every day. Unlike other dog coats, this one requires a lot of upkeep.
  • Unlike many other dog breeds, Afghan Hounds require regular bathing. Shampoo and conditioner are required to keep your hair looking and feeling great.
  • Because these dogs require a lot of time and attention, most owners choose to have them groomed by a professional.
  • As you may imagine, doing this every day adds up quickly. To keep your dog's coat in good condition, you may need to spend up to $65 every day on grooming.
  • Unnecessary expenditures of time or money will be avoided. You must have the time and money to properly care for one of these magnificent canines.


  • Afghan Hounds require a lot of physical activity. They were made for long-distance hunts, so they are naturally energetic and stamina-rich. They have a lot more energy now that they're not chasing cheetahs.
  • Expect to exercise your dog for an hour every day. To keep your Afghan Hound happy and healthy, you must exercise for at least 60 minutes per day.
  • 15–20 minutes of brisk walking is sufficient. Instead, go for a stroll, hike, or just play fetch with your dog. Remember that these dogs are independent and may not enjoy a game of catch.
  • Aside from the daily exercise, your dog will need plenty of room to run around and burn off excess energy. So, if you have a dog like this, keep it in a yard. They need room to run and play.
  • They will also benefit from having a yard to play in. It will let them play and exercise as much or as little as they want. Ultimately, a happier, more responsive dog will be more likely to obey your directions.


  • The Afghan Hound is certainly a smart dog. They can understand commands and do well in obedience training, but it takes a firm hand and a lot of patience from the trainer.
  • Remember that this breed is known for its independence. Born with it. They needed to be able to make quick decisions on their own for their own safety and the hunt's success.
  • The yearning for freedom generally manifests throughout training. The difficult aspect is getting Afghan Hounds to want to learn new commands. If they aren't interested, they won't do it.
  • To train one of these hounds will take a lot of positive reinforcement. It will motivate individuals who find the workout tedious. But you must also show the dog you are in charge. It's a fine line with so much at stake.
  • As a result, Afghan hounds are best trained by someone who has dealt with similar canines. If you've never taught a dog before, an Afghan Hound is like jumping into the deep end.
  • That stated, you should be able to train your Afghan Hound to do anything you want as long as you make it fun. Only the will to use it needs to be developed.

Children and Other Pets

The Afghan's huge size and independent temperament make him best suited as a companion for a mature adult. The Afghan is unlikely to join in on the fun of a child's game of tag. The Afghan can be startled by the sudden movements and loud noises of a child. The Afghan, on the other hand, can become a loving member of a household with children if they receive the correct socialisation.

The Afghan Hound enjoys spending time with other Afghan Hounds the most. Even if there are other pets in the house, the Afghan will tolerate them and even be indifferent to them. Because the Afghan is a hunter by nature, he is prone to pursue tiny creatures, particularly if they flee.


  • The Afghan Hound requires a lot of time and attention. Their lengthy coats are a daily challenge. Every day, you'll be grooming your hound's coat.
  • Their high energy level need lots of exercise. You'll also need a big yard for your dog to romp about in. It will also prevent boredom in intelligent dogs.
  • Remember that these dogs are a bit autonomous. They're not the type of dogs to curl up next to you on the couch or climb onto your lap. For most people, they're a quiet yet potent source of unrequited love.
  • The Afghan Hound is a purebred dog, hence they're pricey. They're not as expensive as some popular pure breeds, but they're still good.
  • If you acquire an Afghan Hound from a breeder, expect to pay around $1,000. Puppies under $800 are rare. Others, not uncommonly, cost up to $1,500.
  • Of course, prices vary widely amongst breeders. Breeders who produce high-quality puppies in clean and safe surroundings tend to charge more.
  • If you're buying from a breeder, do your homework. Keep a watch on the puppies and their parents for symptoms of illness or behavioral concerns.

Dogs breed related to Afghan Hound

Pedigree databases make it easy to see the Afghan hound's long and rich history, yet some pet owners prefer a different breed. Afghan-like canines include the following.

  • Basenji were also originally developed to hunt. They are known as "barkless dogs" because of their amiability and energy.
  • Bloodhound This breed of dog was originally developed in France and used for hunting. They're now also being employed in the search for missing persons.

Greyhounds are the quickest dog breed in the world. When they're older, they make wonderful pets because of their temperaments as former racehorses.