Updated 08-08-2023

Bloodhound Characteristics, Facts & Traits

In mediaeval France, hounds like the Bloodhound were developed to track boar and deer. Dogs of this breed have a remarkable sense of smell, making them particularly useful in law enforcement and search and rescue. Their followers adore them because of their charming personalities and distinctive looks.

If you don't mind a little drool here and there, you won't find a more attentive and caring friend than a dog for an experienced dog parent. This breed is infamous for its stubbornness and sensitivity, therefore newbies should be aware of this. Bloodhounds require a lot of exercise and constant training. A content and happy best buddy will be yours if you meet the breed's needs.

See the following list for a complete look at the Bloodhound canine breed.


  • This is not the lazy dog you may have seen on The Beverly Hillbillies, but rather an extremely active one. The bloodhound is a working dog and as such, requires daily walks or runs of at least one mile in length.
  • There is no place for a bloodhound in an apartment. An enclosed yard is essential for their well-being.
  • Because they are pack animals, Bloodhounds get along well with other dogs. It's not uncommon to have to make due with a cat.
  • Bloodhounds drool and shed their coats. Baby wipes or hand towels can be kept in every room of the house for when you need to clean up after your children.
  • Bloodhounds adore children and are incredibly patient with children. Children should be taught how to treat a Bloodhound in a respectful manner and supervised while playing with one. Depending on how big they are, Bloodhounds may be too much for small children to handle.
  • It is important for bloodhounds to have a fenced-in area. This is a requirement, not an option. Their excellent ears keep them blind to traffic and other risks so that they can follow an intriguing scent wherever it leads them.
  • Walking a Bloodhound on a leash is just as important as having a fenced yard.
  • It is important to have a Bloodhound owner that is firm, loving and consistent because of their tenacity. When a Bloodhound is abused, he will pout and go away. Positive reinforcement training works wonders on Bloodhounds.
  • Recurring ear infections in bloodhounds are a problem. Make it a habit to check and clean your child's ears on a frequent basis.
  • From rocks and plants to batteries and TV remote controls, bloodhounds are capable of chomping down on everything they can find.
  • They prefer to be indoors with the family when they aren't on a hunt.
  • Never buy a puppy from a puppy mill, negligent breeder, or pet retailer if you want a healthy dog. When looking for a trustworthy breeder, make sure she does thorough testing of her breeding dogs to ensure that they are free of hereditary illnesses, as well as that they have healthy temperaments.


Social Appearance 


It's a common misconception that a little dog is better suited to living in a limited space. Many tiny dogs have too much energy and are too yappy to live in an apartment building. An apartment dog's best attributes include being quiet, low energy, somewhat peaceful indoors, and respectful to the other inhabitants. Your dog's personal space in your apartment can be improved by purchasing one of these fantastic dog cages.

Sensitivity Level

Depending on the dog, a strong rebuke can be taken in stride by some, while others regard even the tiniest hint of disapproval as a personal attack. If you have a loud or pushy owner, a chaotic home, or a routine that is unpredictable or variable, your low-sensitivity dog, often known as "easy-going," "tolerant," "resilient," or even "thick-skinned," will be able to handle it better. Do you have young children, host a lot of parties, or have a hectic lifestyle? Choose a dog that isn't overly sensitive.


You can't tell from looking at them whether or not they're hyperactive, but when they do anything, they do it vigorously. They tug at their leashes (unless you teach them not to), they push their way through barriers, and they down their meals in huge, gobbling gulps. A home with young children or an elderly or feeble person may not be the best place for these dynamos to learn proper etiquette. On the other side, a dog with poor vitality adopts a more reserved demeanor.

Potential for Playfulness

The playful nature of certain dogs never fades away, and they're always ready for a game, whereas the reserved and serious tendencies of other dogs develop through time. Think about how many times a day you want to play fetch or tag with your dog, and whether or not you have children or other dogs who can act as substitutes.

Personality Appearance


In the same way as working dogs, such as those that herd sheep, are bred for intelligence and decision-making, working dogs like those who run all day need to exercise their bodies. The two most common activities that a bored pet engages in are digging and chewing, both of which require mental stimulation. There are several ways to keep a dog's brain active, including obedience training, interactive dog toys like tug of war, and dog sports like agility and search and rescue.

Energy Level

Energy-draining dogs are always on the lookout for a new activity. There are several jobs that require a lot of stamina from dogs, such as herding livestock or recovering prey for hunters. Children are more likely to engage in activities such as jumping, playing and exploring new sights and smells as a result of this change in their environment

A low-energy dog is more like a couch potato than a dog that needs a lot of exercise. Think about your level of physical activity and whether or not you find a hyperactive dog irritating before making your final choice.

Easy To Train

Easy to train dogs can more easily form associations between a cue (like "sit"), an action (like sitting), and a reward than dogs that are more difficult to train. Dogs that require more time, patience, and repetition are more difficult to train.

Getting your dog interested in training will require incentives and games because many breeds are intelligent but have a "What's in it for me?" mentality when it comes to learning new things.

Family Affection Level

Affectionate With Family

Since puppyhood, some breeds remain aloof and independent; others form deep bonds with one individual but are uninterested in the rest of the family; still other types shower their entire family with affection. Canines raised in homes with people tend to be more open to human interaction and develop stronger ties, regardless of their breed or upbringing.


Kids-friendly dogs are calm, strong enough to bear the hefty hugs and pets kids can dish out, and have an unfazed attitude about rushing, scream-inducing children. There are several names you may not expect to see on the list: Fierce-looking Both Boxers and American Staffordshire Terriers are regarded as family dogs (which are considered Pit Bulls). Chihuahuas, which are small, sensitive, and potentially sharp, are not always family-friendly.

Dog Friendly

Dog friendship and human friendship are two entirely different things. The fact that a dog is friendly with humans doesn't mean it's immune to aggression or aggression from other dogs; some canines choose to play rather than fight; others will just run away. The type of animal isn't the only consideration. Dogs who have spent a lot of time playing with their littermates and their mother at the age of six to eight weeks are more likely to be socially competent.

Physical Appearance

Amount of Shedding

Having a dog in the house means that you'll have to deal with some level of dog hair on your clothing and in the home. It's worth noting, however, that shedding varies widely among breeds. Some dogs shed all year long, while others ``blow" just during specific times of the year, and still others don't shed at all. If you're a stickler for cleanliness, you'll need to choose a breed that sheds less or lower your expectations. You can use a deshedding tool to keep your house a little cleaner.

Drooling Potential

While greeting you, some dogs may cover their arms with ropes of drool and create large, wet patches on your clothing. If you don't mind a little drool, go for it; but if you're a stickler for cleanliness, you may want to look for a dog with a low drool rating.

Easy To Groom

Some breeds of dogs can simply be brushed and left alone, while others require frequent washing, trimming, and other grooming in order to maintain their health and appearance. If you don't have the time or money to take care of a dog that requires a lot of grooming, you may want to look into hiring a professional.

Exercise Needs

Evening walks around the neighbourhood are perfectly acceptable for some breeds. Others, particularly those trained for physically demanding vocations like herding or hunting, require regular, rigorous exercise.

They can gain weight and release their pent-up energy in ways you don't like, including barking, chewing, and digging, if not given enough exercise. Those looking to train their dog for an energetic canine activity, such as agility, should consider getting a dog that needs a lot of exercise.

Average sizes and life expectancy of the breed


80 to 110 pounds


11 to 15 years


23 to 27 inches ttall at the shoulder


The Bloodhound's origins can be traced back to prehistoric times. In Europe, a black St. Hubert's hound was documented as early as the 8th century. During the reign of William the Conqueror, these dogs were brought to England. In the twelfth century, many Church officials were interested in hunting with these dogs, therefore most monasteries had carefully bred packs of dogs. So well-bred were these canines that their pure blood and noble ancestry earned them the moniker "blooded hounds".

Since the mid-1800s, bloodhounds have been known in the United States. When it comes to tracking down criminals and missing persons, Bloodhounds have proven themselves to be one of the most useful species. Once the person has been discovered, the Bloodhound's task is done because they are not prone to attacking.

Until recently, the Bloodhound was the only breed of dog that could be identified in a court of law due to its extensive trailing records (for both length and age of trail). However, many individuals were put off by the Bloodhound's moniker and poor press after hearing rumours claiming that the dogs were motivated by bloodthirsty motives. Nothing could be further from the truth, as we all know. Despite its widespread recognition, the breed isn't very popular as a pet; on the other hand, it makes an outstanding working trailer.

Personality and Temperament

As a calm, tolerant, noble, and well-behaved dog, the bloodhound is an excellent choice. Children love him, and he's known to be really forgiving of those who try to climb all over him. As far as other animals are concerned, he's a pretty good fit for his species.

However, despite her modest approach, she harbours strong ambitions and a strong sense of self-reliance. He has his own thoughts and tends to make up his own mind rather than follow his owner's instructions. Even if the dog hasn't found anything, he'll be determined to keep going as far as possible when he detects a scent he finds interesting.

Dogs like the bloodhound have some of the most beautiful vocalisations of any breed. He has the ability to mimic the expressive baying, howling, and whimpering of a dog in full canine arias.

Despite their laid-back demeanors at home, Bloodhounds are hard-charging machines on the track. They are strong, stubborn, and independent, but they are so calm and peaceful that they are incredibly trustworthy around children even if they aren't lively enough for some children's requirements. The hound dogs of mythology are depicted as sluggish creatures, yet in reality they are energetic playmates. Bloodhounds, despite their reputation for being difficult to train for obedience, are quite easy to train for activities involving trailing. When meeting new people, the Bloodhound exhibits a guarded demeanour.


The Bloodhound is a beloved breed among hound aficionados because of its friendly disposition and amusing personality. However, owners of these high-maintenance dogs must put in a lot of time and effort if they want to see their dogs perform at their best. When considering a Bloodhound, it's wise to do some research and prepare for the level of care these dogs need.


In general, Bloodhounds are healthy, but as with all breeds, they are prone to specific health issues, such as diabetes and heart disease. If you're thinking about getting a Bloodhound, it's vital to know about these diseases, even if your dog doesn't have them.

Hip Dysplasia

The thigh bone does not fit securely into the hip joint in this hereditary disease. Hip dysplasia can cause pain and lameness in one or both of a dog's back legs, although you may not notice any symptoms in a dog with the condition. Arthritis can occur in an older dog. The University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program and the Orthopaedic Foundation for Animals both provide X-ray screening for hip dysplasia (Penn HIP).

Hip dysplasia should never be bred into a dog population. Inquire of the breeder if the parents have been checked for hip dysplasia and found to be healthy before purchasing a puppy. Although hip dysplasia is a genetic condition, factors like rapid development on a high-calorie diet or falls on slippery flooring can exacerbate it.

Elbow Dysplasia

Large-breed dogs are prone to this illness since it runs in their families. The three bones that make up the dog's elbow are hypothesised to grow at distinct rates, resulting in joint laxity. Painful lameness may result as a result of such an event. Surgery, weight loss, or anti-inflammatory medication are among options that your veterinarian may suggest to alleviate the discomfort.


With Ectropion, your eyelid rolls outward or downward, exposing the eye and increasing your risk of discomfort and infection. Surgery can be used to address extreme ectropion.


The eyelids roll inward, irritating or hurting the eyeball as a result of this abnormality, which is usually evident by six months of age. It's possible to have problems with either one or both of your eyes. Because of entropion, your Bloodhound may rub his eyes. If necessary, surgery can be performed on the dog after it reaches adulthood to address the problem.


Symptoms of hypothyroidism include infertility, obesity, mental dullness, and a loss of energy as a result of an absence of thyroid hormone. Fur may become coarse and brittle and begin to fall out, and the skin may become harsh and dark in colour as a result of this. Taking a daily thyroid replacement tablet can help control hypothyroidism. For the rest of the dog's life, it is necessary to give it medication.


Medication can help treat this seizure disease, which can be inherited, acquired, or of unknown aetiology. If this condition is properly managed, a dog can live a long and healthy life.

Fold Dermatitis

When the skin folds become infected, it is due to a combination of friction and trapped moisture. There may be redness, sores, and odour in the folds of the body as a result of fold dermatitis. Fold Dermatitis can be treated surgically or by amputation of the tail in cases where the folds are on the tail. Surgical removal of the folds or amputation of the tail are two options. Topical ointments and antibiotics can also be included. In order to avoid this problem, you should ensure that your dog's coat and folds are properly maintained.

Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (Bloat) 

Dogs with massive, deep-chested bodies are more susceptible to bloat, which is a potentially fatal illness that occurs when they're overfed, eat quickly, drink significant amounts of water quickly, or exercise energetically after eating. When the stomach gets filled with gas or air and then twists, it results in bloating. There's no way for the dog to expel the extra air in his stomach by belching or vomiting, and this reduces blood supply to the heart.

When a dog's blood pressure decreases, it goes into shock. The dog could die if it doesn't receive prompt medical assistance. The symptoms of bloat in your dog include an expanded belly and drooling that does not appear to be accompanied by an actual vomiting episode. He could also be agitated, despondent, lethargic, and feeble, all of which could be accompanied by an elevated heart rate. Get your dog to the vet as soon as possible if you observe these symptoms.

Recommended Health Tests 

  1. Hip Evaluation
  2. Elbow Evaluation
  3. Cardiac Exam


As a general guideline, you may anticipate to feed your dog between 4 and 8 cups of high-quality dog food each day divided into two meals. To prevent Bloat, many Bloodhound owners utilise slow-feeder bowls or divide their dogs' meals into smaller portions.

Keep an eye on your dog's weight to avoid canine obesity, which can lead to more serious health issues including diabetes and heart disease in dogs.. If your dog seems to be gaining weight, cut back on the treats and talk to your vet about a balanced diet for him. Your veterinarian can also assist you in figuring out the right amounts of nutrients and quantities for your dog at various phases of development.


Bloodhounds' lengthy, deep wrinkles on their faces, necks, and ears mean that they must be regularly groomed. Expect to clean wrinkles every day if you own a dog, preventing bacterial infections is as simple as wiping them down with a moist washcloth and thoroughly drying them. Every meal should be followed by a thorough cleaning of the folds around the mouth.

A rubber mitt or brush should be used to brush bloodhounds' short, thick coats every week. Seasonal shedding may necessitate more frequent brushing. Owners must be careful and delicate when grooming their pets because they have very thin, flimsy skin. Your Bloodhound's teeth and nails should be brushed on a regular basis as well.

Weekly ear cleaning is required due to the Bloodhound's tendency to accumulate dirt, debris, and bacteria in its droopy ears. A solution for cleaning your ears can be obtained from your veterinarian. Apply the solution to the ear canal and gently massage it once a week to get the best results. Using a clean cotton pad or cloth, you can carefully remove any dirt, debris, or wax. The sensitive inner-ear components can be damaged by cotton wipes.

The health of a Bloodhound can only be ensured through regular brushing and cleaning of the ears. Your family may need to look elsewhere if you can't devote enough time to caring for this dog's skin and ears.


In order to keep bloodhounds happy and healthy, they must be given at least two hours of activity each day. Owners of this breed can exercise with them by going for a run or trekking. Bloodhounds can walk or jog for kilometres, but they're also happy to play in the backyard with their owners.

Walking or playing with these dogs is dangerous if they wander off on their own because of their proclivity for following their noses. Your Bloodhound is an excellent partner for playing games of nose work because of the breed's reputation as the best scenter in the world. Owners can play hide-and-seek with these canines, either to find treats or family members.


The stubbornness of Bloodhounds can make teaching them tough. Obedience classes should begin at eight weeks of age for puppies. Consistency and patience are the keys to teaching your dog; make sure to reward your dog with special toys and goodies. Methods of punishment are not recommended for this breed since it might harm their sensitivity and cause them to be afraid or anxious when they engage with you.

Because Bloodhounds are known to chew, it is crucial to build a puppy-friendly area in your home before you bring your dog home. In the same way that other hounds are vocal, this breed is likely to be too. Instead of a bark, it's well-known for its booming bay. As a result of this, the Bloodhound is best suited to properties where there is a large outside area (and preferably not too close to any neighbours).

Children and Other Pets

Bloodhounds have a special place in their hearts for children. In spite of this, they are enormous, energetic canines who have the potential to knock a small child to the ground. For families with older children, they're the greatest option.

Always teach youngsters how to approach and touch dogs, and supervise any interactions between dogs and small children to prevent any biting or ear or tail pulling on the part of either party. Teaching your youngster not to approach a dog when it is resting or eating is important. A dog and a youngster should never be left alone.

While most Bloodhounds get along well with other dogs, there are a handful that have difficulty with smaller breeds. If your cat doesn't like getting slobbered on, they'll usually get along OK.


Bloodhound puppies are delicate and vulnerable throughout their first few weeks or months of life. It is possible to ease up on their care requirements as they get older.

Chicken, sweet potatoes, and other large-breed puppy food are frequently necessary for the growth and development of bloodhound puppies.

Dog breeds Similar to Bloodhounds

Bloodhounds have a number of canine cousins. There are a few examples:


Even though the Greyhound has a significantly slimmer frame, they are both about two feet tall. For children and families, both are terrific companions, as well as pleasant strangers.


Beagles and beagles are both mild enough to be around youngsters, and they both have a lifespan of around the same length. When it comes to grooming, the beagle is a lot easier than the bloodhound because it doesn't require as much attention and care. Both dogs can bark like an alarm system to keep the house safe.

American Foxhound

Using their bloodhound-like sense of smell, these dogs are trained to track out and kill foxes by tracking their scent.