Updated 08-08-2023

Blue Lacy Characteristics, Facts & Traits

The Lacy Dog, also known as the Blue Lacy, is a very active, intelligent, and trainable breed that thrives in an environment with plenty of room to run.

When it comes to coat colour, despite the fact that the breed is named "Blue Lacy," the dogs might have red or tri-coloured coats. Instead of referring to the dog's physical look, the "Lacy" in the breed's name derives from the surname of the family that first developed it.

Texas ranchers, herders, and hunters relied on the Blue Lacy in the 1800s. Their high intensity and energy level make them unsuitable for apartment life or inexperienced owners, yet these dogs are tough, adaptive, and capable of learning quickly.

Even while Blue Lacys make wonderful family dogs and able watchdogs, they are sensitive and don't respond well to discipline. Because Blue Lacys have a high hunting drive and are naturally territorial, it's important to start socialising them at a young age. They are also not excessively trusting of strangers, which can lead to attacks on other animals and pets.

Dogs of this breed can be devoted, protective, and capable family members who are eager to please with confident, assertive training based on positive reinforcement. People who have a lot of experience with dogs and can give this one a job will have a friend for life who can handle everything.

For a complete list of Blue Lacy characteristics and facts, click here.


  • In 2005, the Blue Lacy was officially recognised as Texas's official dog breed.
  • But Old Yeller was probably a Black Mouth Cur and not a Blue Lacy, Fred Gipson grew up in the same county as the Lacy family, which kept Blue Lacies, and this may have impacted him as a writer, although the dog in the novel was most likely a Black Mouth Cur.
  • Although all Blue Lacys contain the gene for blue coats, they can also have red or tri-coloured coats.
  • Some organisations have applied to have the Blue Lacy approved into the AKC's Foundation Stock Service, which keeps official records of the breed so that it may one day be recognised by the AKC. Despite this, acknowledgment may not arrive for many years or at all.
  • In order to train Blue Lacys, an assertive trainer is needed who is able to lay down the law without being too harsh.
  • This breed is diligent and performs best when given a specific duty to complete. They can hunt, herd, perform agility, serve as a watchdog, and even assist in search and rescue missions.
  • The need for both mental and physical stimulation is a given. Multiple runs and walks each day are necessary for Blue Lacys to burn off their excess energy. As opposed to living in cramped quarters, they enjoy having room to run around.


Social Appearance 


It's a common misconception that a little dog is better suited to living in a limited space. Many tiny dogs have too much energy and are too yappy to live in an apartment building. An apartment dog's best attributes include being quiet, low energy, somewhat peaceful indoors, and respectful to the other inhabitants. Your dog's personal space in your apartment can be improved by purchasing one of these fantastic dog cages.

Sensitivity Level

Depending on the dog, a strong rebuke can be taken in stride by some, while others regard even the tiniest hint of disapproval as a personal attack. If you have a loud or pushy owner, a chaotic home, or a routine that is unpredictable or variable, your low-sensitivity dog, often known as "easy-going," "tolerant," "resilient," or even "thick-skinned," will be able to handle it better. Do you have young children, host a lot of parties, or have a hectic lifestyle? Choose a dog that isn't overly sensitive.


You can't tell from looking at them whether or not they're hyperactive, but when they do anything, they do it vigorously. They tug at their leashes (unless you teach them not to), they push their way through barriers, and they down their meals in huge, gobbling gulps. A home with young children or an elderly or feeble person may not be the best place for these dynamos to learn proper etiquette. On the other side, a dog with poor vitality adopts a more reserved demeanor.

Potential for Playfulness

The playful nature of certain dogs never fades away, and they're always ready for a game, whereas the reserved and serious tendencies of other dogs develop through time. Think about how many times a day you want to play fetch or tag with your dog, and whether or not you have children or other dogs who can act as substitutes.

Personality Appearance


In the same way as working dogs, such as those that herd sheep, are bred for intelligence and decision-making, working dogs like those who run all day need to exercise their bodies. The two most common activities that a bored pet engages in are digging and chewing, both of which require mental stimulation. There are several ways to keep a dog's brain active, including obedience training, interactive dog toys like tug of war, and dog sports like agility and search and rescue.

Energy Level

Energy-draining dogs are always on the lookout for a new activity. There are several jobs that require a lot of stamina from dogs, such as herding livestock or recovering prey for hunters. Children are more likely to engage in activities such as jumping, playing and exploring new sights and smells as a result of this change in their environment

A low-energy dog is more like a couch potato than a dog that needs a lot of exercise. Think about your level of physical activity and whether or not you find a hyperactive dog irritating before making your final choice.

Easy To Train

Easy to train dogs can more easily form associations between a cue (like "sit"), an action (like sitting), and a reward than dogs that are more difficult to train. Dogs that require more time, patience, and repetition are more difficult to train.

Getting your dog interested in training will require incentives and games because many breeds are intelligent but have a "What's in it for me?" mentality when it comes to learning new things.

Family Affection Level

Affectionate With Family

Since puppyhood, some breeds remain aloof and independent; others form deep bonds with one individual but are uninterested in the rest of the family; still other types shower their entire family with affection. Canines raised in homes with people tend to be more open to human interaction and develop stronger ties, regardless of their breed or upbringing.


Kids-friendly dogs are calm, strong enough to bear the hefty hugs and pets kids can dish out, and have an unfazed attitude about rushing, scream-inducing children. There are several names you may not expect to see on the list: Fierce-looking Both Boxers and American Staffordshire Terriers are regarded as family dogs (which are considered Pit Bulls). Chihuahuas, which are small, sensitive, and potentially sharp, are not always family-friendly.

Dog Friendly

Dog friendship and human friendship are two entirely different things. The fact that a dog is friendly with humans doesn't mean it's immune to aggression or aggression from other dogs; some canines choose to play rather than fight; others will just run away. The type of animal isn't the only consideration. Dogs who have spent a lot of time playing with their littermates and their mother at the age of six to eight weeks are more likely to be socially competent.

Physical Appearance

Amount of Shedding

Having a dog in the house means that you'll have to deal with some level of dog hair on your clothing and in the home. It's worth noting, however, that shedding varies widely among breeds. Some dogs shed all year long, while others ``blow" just during specific times of the year, and still others don't shed at all. If you're a stickler for cleanliness, you'll need to choose a breed that sheds less or lower your expectations. You can use a deshedding tool to keep your house a little cleaner.

Drooling Potential

While greeting you, some dogs may cover their arms with ropes of drool and create large, wet patches on your clothing. If you don't mind a little drool, go for it; but if you're a stickler for cleanliness, you may want to look for a dog with a low drool rating.

Easy To Groom

Some breeds of dogs can simply be brushed and left alone, while others require frequent washing, trimming, and other grooming in order to maintain their health and appearance. If you don't have the time or money to take care of a dog that requires a lot of grooming, you may want to look into hiring a professional.

Exercise Needs

Evening walks around the neighbourhood are perfectly acceptable for some breeds. Others, particularly those trained for physically demanding vocations like herding or hunting, require regular, rigorous exercise.

They can gain weight and release their pent-up energy in ways you don't like, including barking, chewing, and digging, if not given enough exercise. Those looking to train their dog for an energetic canine activity, such as agility, should consider getting a dog that needs a lot of exercise.

Average sizes and life expectancy of the breed


25 to 50 pounds


12 to 16 years


17 to 25 inches


Named for the Lacy family, the dog breed's origins can be traced back to them. In their time in Kentucky, the Lacy brothers—Frank, George, Ewin, and Harry—began the process of creating what is now known as the Lacy breed. It was only after moving to Texas' Hill Country that they became serious about breeding a fast herding dog to round up and transport their free-roaming hog stock to markets in Austin for sale.

Aside from identifying injured deer and chasing game, the role of Blue Lacy dogs among rural American ranchers in the Southwest evolved as the breed gained popularity. In 2005, Governor Rick Perry signed legislation designating the breed as Texas's official state dog breed.

The demand for Lacy dogs dwindled as ranchers began to adopt new technologies to herd animals, and the breed came close to extinction. Because of its reputation as an excellent hunting partner, the Lacy has seen an explosion in popularity among American trappers, who now rely almost exclusively on this breed.

Some historians believe that the prevalence of Lacy dogs in the Hill Country prompted Fred Gipson, who grew up in Mason County, to write the classic story of a child and his dog, "Old Yeller," in the 1950s. It was, however, a black mouth cur that appeared in the book.

Personality and Temperament 

They're known for their tenacity and energy, and they're always working hard. Cattle like Texas Longhorns, which are known for their bravery despite their size and frightening nature, rarely refuse to do what is asked of them. To keep the Blue Lacy from becoming agitated and acting out, it is important to provide it with the right amount of stimulation.

Family life is ideal for them, as long as they have a proper outlet for their excessive energy. They usually don't get along with other pets, especially if they're adopted later in life. From an early age, the Blue Lacy should be socialised with other animals. Too much energy and natural dominance make them unsuitable for families with young children.

With its natural tendency to guard their territory and bark in response to any perceived threat or trespass, the Blue Lacy makes an excellent watchdog.


Lacys are amazing with children, but they need a leader who isn't hesitant to establish firm boundaries and enforce them consistently. Additionally, they need to be physically and mentally stimulated on a daily basis. As a result of their high hunting drive, Blue Lacys are naturally territorial, but may not always perform well in households with other pets, like dogs, cats, or rabbits.


There are a few health concerns that Blue Lacies are genetically predisposed to, but they're typically a healthy and hardy species. Hip and elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and food allergies have all been reported in Blue Lacys. Alopecia areata, a condition that can cause hair loss in patches or all over the body, is rare, although it is possible that some of these children are born with it.

Food Allergies

The Blue Lacy, unfortunately, is more susceptible to dietary allergies than other breeds of dogs. One or more of the many possible signs and symptoms of food allergy is itchy skin and/or itchy ears/diarrhea. As a result of inherited allergies, your dog is more vulnerable to certain substances. In order to receive a comprehensive list of your dog's allergies, you can get an allergy test, although this can be quite expensive as well. Checking the ingredients and switching to a new band are both necessary if you suspect food allergies. You will be able to figure out which ingredients are irritating to your pet with practice.

Hip Dysplasia

It is a common problem in dogs because of genetics that causes the hip joint to not form properly. Bones wear out quickly because they don't fit together, making it difficult for your dog to stand or walk. Large breeds and obese dogs get the brunt of the damage since their bones deteriorate at a faster rate. Bones wear out quickly in dogs that are constantly running and jumping, just like the Blue Lacy.

Colour Dilution Alopecia

This is a genetic disorder that causes dogs to have a dull and dry coat. It is also found in breeds such as the Doberman and Dachshund. Bald patches are left behind when hair is so damaged that it falls out on its own. There is no known cure for this condition.


The thyroid gland in your pet's neck is affected by hypothyroidism. Hair loss, dark spots on the skin, weight gain and muscle loss are all possible side effects of this condition. It's not usually life-threatening, but medication can help ease the symptoms.

Recommended Health Test

  1. X-Rays
  2. Physical Examination
  3. Allergy Tests
  4. Blood Panel


The Blue Lacy, like most other breeds, will need the same basic nutrients. Our top pick is a dry kibble whose first ingredient is either chicken, turkey, beef, or lamb. Don't eat items containing animal by-products, maize, or unusual meats such as kangaroo or alligator as the major ingredient. Meat by-product is a low-cost, long-term storage option for dried and ground meat. Despite the fact that his meat isn't technically bad and might significantly improve the protein content, we prefer more recently harvested meat that can be traced back to its source. There is little nutritional value in genetically engineered fillers such corn, soy, and wheat. Corn is a simple food for your dog to overeat. It is becoming increasingly common to feed dogs exotic meats, such as ostrich, but this should only be done as a special treat.


The Blue Lacy has short, close-to-the-body fur, making grooming a breeze. Brushing out tangles and trimming long hair will be unnecessary. It does, however, shed quite a bit throughout the year, with the spring and fall seasons being the most active.

As summer arrived, we were startled by the volume of hair from this short-haired breed that had accumulated. Every week, brushing is all that is needed to keep your dog's coat clean and decrease shedding during the winter months. Brushing your dog's teeth manually on a regular basis can help prevent dental disease. Nails may also need to be trimmed if they are making noises on the floor.


A Blue Lacy needs a lot of outdoor time and space to run around and, preferably, a task to do in order to thrive. Many of these dogs will still require a tough profession, such as herding, hunting, tracking, agility, or flyball, even if they get lots of exercise in the form of lengthy, vigorous daily walks. An average day of vigorous exercise for Lacys is estimated to be around 90 minutes, according to experts.


New skills may be learned fast and easily by the Blue Lacy, a very intelligent canine. Most of the time, it will only take a few trials for your dog to master a new trick. It's tasked with a variety of duties around the farm, many of which it completes without prompting or guidance. We propose that you train for a few minutes every day at the same time.

Your dog will begin to look forward to the next training session if you stick to a regular schedule. In order to help your dog pick up on your commands, use motions or gesticulations indicating what you want the dog to do. Get a treat and keep going until the dog accomplishes exactly what you want on the first or second attempt. The Blue Lacy makes training a dog a cinch thanks to its patient and consistent demeanour.

Children and Other Pets

It is not uncommon for Blue Lacys to be friendly and non-aggressive with children. Family dogs are devoted to their masters and fiercely protective of them. However, they have a high degree of activity and have been known to engage in rough play. Consequently, they may not be suitable for households with very young children who can be easily knocked over or injured accidently during rough play.

Small animals and other pets can be dangerous to Blue Lacys because of their high prey drive. If they are raised with other animals and see them as members of the family, they are usually fine. If properly socialised from an early age, they can be accepting of other dogs. There may be a better solution if there are no other tiny animals or pets in the house, and the owners should make sure that neighbouring pets do not invade the Blue Lacys' domain, as their instincts may take over and lead to an incident.


Puppies of Blue Lacy Dogs aren't at risk for any particular health issues. In order to prepare them for life in a household with children or other pets, owners should socialise them as early as possible. Adult dogs of the breed often have trouble adjusting to new animals, making early socialisation with other dogs all the more critical.

A budget of $800 to $1,000 is required for your Blue Lacy puppy. There are now only a few breeders in Texas, and as the waiting list grows longer, the price will rise. This is especially true as the Blue Lacy grows in popularity.

You'll also have to factor in the cost of regular vet visits, vaccines, and spaying or neutering. Tick and flea medicine, especially for larger dogs, can be fairly expensive. Additionally, you'll need to supply your pet with a variety of other necessities such as a bed, food bowl and water fountain. The annual cost of owning and caring for a Blue Lacy might exceed $1,000, even if you only need to purchase each of these products once.

Dog breeds similar to a Blue Lacy Dog

German shepherd 

German Shepherds and the Blue Lacy have many of the same features. They are both intelligent, active and suited to working with humans. Similarly, they are wary of outsiders and devoted to their owners.

Australian Cattle Dog

Cattle dogs, like the Lacy, have their ancestry in working dogs. Their working environment is one in which they have an active and engaged part to play every day of their lives.

English Shepherd

The Blue Lacy is a working dog breed that hails from the British Isles and has a similar size and disposition. Despite their intelligence, they tend to be more confident and outspoken among humans than Lacy Dogs. They are wonderful pets for families and are more resistant to the cold than other breeds.