Updated 09-08-2023

Bolgnese Characteristics, Facts & Traits

The Bolognese dog breed is a wonderful companion dog, eager to accompany their owners wherever they go. A ten-pound furball, on the other hand, enjoys having their way and is pretty cunning at it, so proceed with caution.

Bolognese are true companion dogs because of their sensitivity and love. They have a lot of character for their size, and they'll fit right in in an apartment. These puppies don't do well with being left alone for long periods of time throughout the daytime. As a result, they'll like to go with you wherever you go. Despite their devotion to their owners, these pups can be difficult to teach. Avoid harsh rebukes when teaching these dogs, and use plenty of positive reinforcement instead. If you do, you'll have a loyal, well-behaved member of your family who will never leave your side. Bolognese traits are detailed below.


  • In addition to Titian's portrait of Federico Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, which hangs in Madrid's Prado Museum, there are also works by Goya and Watteau and 17th-century Flemish tapestries that depict the Bolognese.
  • A Bolognese is a compact, stocky dog with a squarish body clothed in a long, white coat. He has a huge black nose, rounded dark eyes, and long drooping ears. Over his back, his tail arcs.
  • Incredibly affectionate and loyal, the Bolognese is a wonderful pet. This breed of dog is devoted to its owners and will do everything in its power to make you happy by spending as much time with you as possible. 
  • It is possible to carry Bolognese anywhere because of their little size, because they will not accept being left alone. 
  • These dogs are easy to care for, despite their separation anxiety and high grooming needs. Their intelligence makes them fairly easy to train and their entertaining nature keeps you on your toes. The Bolognese may be just the toy breed for you if you're searching for a devoted companion.


Social Appearance 


It's a common misconception that a little dog is better suited to living in a limited space. Many tiny dogs have too much energy and are too yappy to live in an apartment building. An apartment dog's best attributes include being quiet, low energy, somewhat peaceful indoors, and respectful to the other inhabitants. Your dog's personal space in your apartment can be improved by purchasing one of these fantastic dog cages.

Sensitivity Level

Depending on the dog, a strong rebuke can be taken in stride by some, while others regard even the tiniest hint of disapproval as a personal attack. If you have a loud or pushy owner, a chaotic home, or a routine that is unpredictable or variable, your low-sensitivity dog, often known as "easy-going," "tolerant," "resilient," or even "thick-skinned," will be able to handle it better. Do you have young children, host a lot of parties, or have a hectic lifestyle? Choose a dog that isn't overly sensitive.


You can't tell from looking at them whether or not they're hyperactive, but when they do anything, they do it vigorously. They tug at their leashes (unless you teach them not to), they push their way through barriers, and they down their meals in huge, gobbling gulps. A home with young children or an elderly or feeble person may not be the best place for these dynamos to learn proper etiquette. On the other side, a dog with poor vitality adopts a more reserved demeanor.

Potential for Playfulness

The playful nature of certain dogs never fades away, and they're always ready for a game, whereas the reserved and serious tendencies of other dogs develop through time. Think about how many times a day you want to play fetch or tag with your dog, and whether or not you have children or other dogs who can act as substitutes.

Personality Appearance


In the same way as working dogs, such as those that herd sheep, are bred for intelligence and decision-making, working dogs like those who run all day need to exercise their bodies. The two most common activities that a bored pet engages in are digging and chewing, both of which require mental stimulation. There are several ways to keep a dog's brain active, including obedience training, interactive dog toys like tug of war, and dog sports like agility and search and rescue.

Energy Level

Energy-draining dogs are always on the lookout for a new activity. There are several jobs that require a lot of stamina from dogs, such as herding livestock or recovering prey for hunters. Children are more likely to engage in activities such as jumping, playing and exploring new sights and smells as a result of this change in their environment

A low-energy dog is more like a couch potato than a dog that needs a lot of exercise. Think about your level of physical activity and whether or not you find a hyperactive dog irritating before making your final choice.

Easy To Train

Easy to train dogs can more easily form associations between a cue (like "sit"), an action (like sitting), and a reward than dogs that are more difficult to train. Dogs that require more time, patience, and repetition are more difficult to train.

Getting your dog interested in training will require incentives and games because many breeds are intelligent but have a "What's in it for me?" mentality when it comes to learning new things.

Family Affection Level

Affectionate With Family

Since puppyhood, some breeds remain aloof and independent; others form deep bonds with one individual but are uninterested in the rest of the family; still other types shower their entire family with affection. Canines raised in homes with people tend to be more open to human interaction and develop stronger ties, regardless of their breed or upbringing.


Kids-friendly dogs are calm, strong enough to bear the hefty hugs and pets kids can dish out, and have an unfazed attitude about rushing, scream-inducing children. There are several names you may not expect to see on the list: Fierce-looking Both Boxers and American Staffordshire Terriers are regarded as family dogs (which are considered Pit Bulls). Chihuahuas, which are small, sensitive, and potentially sharp, are not always family-friendly.

Dog Friendly

Dog friendship and human friendship are two entirely different things. The fact that a dog is friendly with humans doesn't mean it's immune to aggression or aggression from other dogs; some canines choose to play rather than fight; others will just run away. The type of animal isn't the only consideration. Dogs who have spent a lot of time playing with their littermates and their mother at the age of six to eight weeks are more likely to be socially competent.

Physical Appearance

Amount of Shedding

Having a dog in the house means that you'll have to deal with some level of dog hair on your clothing and in the home. It's worth noting, however, that shedding varies widely among breeds. Some dogs shed all year long, while others ``blow" just during specific times of the year, and still others don't shed at all. If you're a stickler for cleanliness, you'll need to choose a breed that sheds less or lower your expectations. You can use a deshedding tool to keep your house a little cleaner.

Drooling Potential

While greeting you, some dogs may cover their arms with ropes of drool and create large, wet patches on your clothing. If you don't mind a little drool, go for it; but if you're a stickler for cleanliness, you may want to look for a dog with a low drool rating.

Easy To Groom

Some breeds of dogs can simply be brushed and left alone, while others require frequent washing, trimming, and other grooming in order to maintain their health and appearance. If you don't have the time or money to take care of a dog that requires a lot of grooming, you may want to look into hiring a professional.

Exercise Needs

Evening walks around the neighbourhood are perfectly acceptable for some breeds. Others, particularly those trained for physically demanding vocations like herding or hunting, require regular, rigorous exercise.

They can gain weight and release their pent-up energy in ways you don't like, including barking, chewing, and digging, if not given enough exercise. Those looking to train their dog for an energetic canine activity, such as agility, should consider getting a dog that needs a lot of exercise.

Average sizes and life expectancy of the breed


8 to 14 pounds


12 to 14 years


9 to 12 inches tall at the shoulder


It is thought that the 11th-century Bolognese dog, descended from Bichons, first appeared in Italy's Bologna region. The breed was a favourite of the nobility during the Renaissance and was frequently exchanged between wealthy families (particularly between Italian and Belgian royalty). The breed was on the verge of extinction as the nobles began to disappear.

Not until Gian Franco Giannelli and a few other European breeders made their mark in the 1980s did Bolognese return to its former lustre. In 1990, the breed was imported to the United Kingdom and first competed in Imported Register divisions. Since 2002, Bolos have been participating in the Crufts dog show. For breeding and competitive purposes, the breed is not yet registered with the American Kennel Club.

Personality and Temperament

The Bolognese, while not as boisterous as the Bichon Frise, can be just as affectionate and lively. Dedicated to his family, this dog is often territorial of them, and he's afraid of others. The Bolognese has a keen intellect and a desire to please.

Bolognese dogs are known for their laid-back demeanors. Spending time with them is a pleasure for them because they are so affectionate. Because of their close relationship with their owners, the Bolo is an ideal pet for those who are either retired or spend the most of their time at home. Even though bolos are prone to separation anxiety, extensive periods of isolation are not recommended. Unless you do this, they'll likely become agitated and freaked out.

When raised under the supervision of an adult, Bolognese dogs generally get along well with other people's children. When playing with a small dog like the Bolo, it's important to keep in mind that young children may be too excited. Tiny dog syndrome may also be a problem for this breed, thus it may not be a good idea to give it too much attention from small children.

The Bolognese's placid attitude makes it a great travel companion and a good fit for apartment living. ‘Bolo dogs don't bark excessively. They are, however, watchdogs and will warn their owners if anything is amiss in their surroundings.

Bolognese dogs tend to be hesitant towards strangers, despite the fact that they are cheerful, gregarious, and friendly when they are with their families. They do, however, swiftly warm up to other people when given the necessary social stimulation.


Dogs of every breed need to be mentally and physically active on a regular basis, and the Bolognese is no exception. To remain cheerful and well-behaved, they must engage in some physical activity and receive some basic training. Because of their long, curly hair, Bolos have a bad reputation when it comes to grooming.


The Bolognese, like all dogs, is susceptible to several health issues. They have a lot of health issues because of their size. Below, you will find the answers to all of your questions.

Hip Dysplasia

When the thigh bone doesn't fit snugly into the hip joint, this is what it looks like. When a dog has hip dysplasia, it may or may not show any signs of pain or disability in the back legs.

Luxating Patella

When a dog's patella is out of alignment, it can result in a condition known as patellar luxation. An aberrant gait, like hopping or skipping, might result from this.

Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease

Reduced blood flow to the thigh bone's head is the result of this ailment, which causes the bone's head to shrink. Your dog may appear to be limping. Fortunately, surgery is an option.

Periodontal Disease

This is because their mouths are so small. You should consult your veterinarian if you feel your dog is suffering from dental problems..

Recommended Health Tests 

  1. Patella Evaluation
  2. CERF
  3. Caer Eye Examination


As with all dogs, your Bolognese will need high-quality dog food that is tailored to meet his or her specific nutritional requirements as he or she grows older. However, your doctor can help you narrow down the best selections and design a healthy portion plan depending on your dog's age, weight, and activity level.

Overfeeding might lead to health issues in the future if you don't monitor your dog's weight well enough. Check the dog's weight with your hands; thick-coated dogs' waistlines are difficult to discern. You should be able to easily feel the hip bones and rib cage, so be sure you aren't digging through any excess fat. Consult your dog's veterinarian if he or she gets overweight so that you can choose the best course of action to take. Playing and exercising more frequently, cutting back on rewards, and using puzzle feeders are all good methods to help your dog burn some energy.


The fluffy white coat of these canines makes them well-known. While their hair doesn't shed and they are hypoallergenic, they are a somewhat high-maintenance dog breed. Brushing and bathing frequently will be necessary to keep their white curly hair clean and well-maintained. Brushing your dog at least three times a week is recommended. Also, if you choose, you can clip your dog's coat yourself or take them to a professional groomer to keep it short and easy to maintain.

Once a month, they should have their nails clipped. Keeping an eye out for debris or accumulation in their ears is also a good idea. It is possible that Bolognese dogs are more prone to dental problems than other dog breeds because of their small size.


Dogs from the Bolognese breed aren't bred to be athletic, so they're content to run around the backyard or have leashed outings with their owners. For this breed, 30 minutes of exercise once or twice a day should suffice. Dogs such as the Bolognese require a lot of attention from their owners, and playtime at home is a fantastic way to keep them active and interested without overexerting them.


Puppy training for the Bolognese can begin as early as eight weeks of age. Owners should keep lessons interesting for this intelligent breed, as they tend to pick things very quickly. Treats, compassion, and playtime are all examples of positive reinforcement tactics that can be used in short periods to encourage desired behaviour.

Dogs of this breed are not recommended for persons who must be away from home on a regular basis because to their propensity to develop separation anxiety. When pets are left alone, their owners should make sure they have plenty of puzzle toys and other forms of amusement. In a doggie daycare with a good setup for little dogs, though, bolos can thrive. As a short-term solution, this is a viable alternative, but it isn't the best option for a long-term strategy.

Children and other Pets

A Bolognese may be a wonderful addition to any household. The Bolognese are devoted to their families and like spending time with them. However, they're better suited to households without young children. A Bolognese, a small breed of dog, could be seriously injured by children who have not yet learned how to properly deal with dogs. In order to keep both the child and the Bolognese safe from harm, adults should constantly keep a close eye on them when they are in the vicinity of one.

At the door, they'll bark, but they'll also be wary of strangers at times. As a rule, Bolognese can get along quite well if introduced to cats and other dogs from an early age. Sleeping on your lap is their favourite pastime. They have a reputation for sleeping in the most comfortable position.


Because of their small stature, you'll want to be extra vigilant when it comes to your Bolognese puppy. Training your new puppy as soon as you bring them home is very critical.

Puppies' stomachs are so little that they must feed more frequently throughout the day in order to keep them full. 8-12 week old puppies should have four meals per day, whereas 3 to 6 month old pups should have three meals daily. You should be able to switch to feeding your dog twice a day by the time he or she is six months old.

Dog Breeds related to the Bolognese

Three dog breeds, the Bichon Frise, the Maltese, and the Havenese, are close relatives to these three.

The Bichon Frise

The two breeds, the Bichon Frise and the Bolognese, are both white and fluffy, and both are very little. Separation anxiety can occur in either breed if left alone for a lengthy period of time. In terms of size, Bichon Frise and Bolognese differ. Only 6.75 pounds separate the Bolognese from the Bichon Frise, which has an average weight of 10.25 pounds.


Each of these dog breeds has its roots in the Italian peninsula. There are no shedding white coats on either of them. A Maltese may be more difficult to train than a Bolognese because of its lower intelligence. Social and affectionate, both kinds are excellent companions.


A Havenese, like a Bolognese, is a companion dog breed. In contrast, Havanese dogs might be white, black, reddish-brown or any other hue, while Bolognese dogs are entirely white. They are both easy to train and have strong territorial instincts.