Updated 08-06-2023

Chow Chow

The eye-catching design Chow Chow dog breed has a strong sense of self-confidence that some people compare to that of a cat. As aloof and cautious of strangers as they are, they're probably not the best breed for someone searching for a cuddling mate. For the proper individual, though, they may be an unwavering support system.

Dogs of this type can be stubborn, so you'll have to be patient and consistent with them. Beware of inexperienced pet owners. Despite their adaptability, these dogs require a lot of exercise and dislike being left alone for long periods of time. You'll have a loyal, protective part of your family if you're willing to put in the time and effort to train them properly and keep them active. To learn everything there is to know about the Chow Chow breed, have a look at the table below!


  • Chow Chows are extremely independent and aloof, and they need an owner who loves those features but doesn't allow the dog to take over.
  • In order for chows to grow up feeling secure and at ease, it is imperative that they are properly socialised as puppies.
  • In other cases, the Chow Chow will only bond with a single person or family member. They're wary of people they don't know.
  • In order to keep Chows' coats in good condition, they should be brushed twice or three times a week.
  • Chow hounds can be housed in apartments or condominiums, as long as they are given regular exercise.
  • The Chow Chow's deep-set eyes limit his peripheral vision, so it's better to approach from the front while dealing with him.
  • Puppies from puppy mills, pet stores, or breeders that do not give health clearances or warranties are almost always unhealthy. Breeders that test their dogs to ensure they are free of genetic illnesses and who breed for healthy temperaments should be sought out.


Social Appearance 


It's a common misconception that a little dog is better suited to living in a limited space. Many tiny dogs have too much energy and are too yappy to live in an apartment building. An apartment dog's best attributes include being quiet, low energy, somewhat peaceful indoors, and respectful to the other inhabitants. Your dog's personal space in your apartment can be improved by purchasing one of these fantastic dog cages.

Sensitivity Level

Depending on the dog, a strong rebuke can be taken in stride by some, while others regard even the tiniest hint of disapproval as a personal attack. If you have a loud or pushy owner, a chaotic home, or a routine that is unpredictable or variable, your low-sensitivity dog, often known as "easy-going," "tolerant," "resilient," or even "thick-skinned," will be able to handle it better. Do you have young children, host a lot of parties, or have a hectic lifestyle? Choose a dog that isn't overly sensitive.


You can't tell from looking at them whether or not they're hyperactive, but when they do anything, they do it vigorously. They tug at their leashes (unless you teach them not to), they push their way through barriers, and they down their meals in huge, gobbling gulps. A home with young children or an elderly or feeble person may not be the best place for these dynamos to learn proper etiquette. On the other side, a dog with poor vitality adopts a more reserved demeanor.

Potential for Playfulness

The playful nature of certain dogs never fades away, and they're always ready for a game, whereas the reserved and serious tendencies of other dogs develop through time. Think about how many times a day you want to play fetch or tag with your dog, and whether or not you have children or other dogs who can act as substitutes.

Personality Appearance


In the same way as working dogs, such as those that herd sheep, are bred for intelligence and decision-making, working dogs like those who run all day need to exercise their bodies. The two most common activities that a bored pet engages in are digging and chewing, both of which require mental stimulation. There are several ways to keep a dog's brain active, including obedience training, interactive dog toys like tug of war, and dog sports like agility and search and rescue.

Energy Level

Energy-draining dogs are always on the lookout for a new activity. There are several jobs that require a lot of stamina from dogs, such as herding livestock or recovering prey for hunters. Children are more likely to engage in activities such as jumping, playing and exploring new sights and smells as a result of this change in their environment

A low-energy dog is more like a couch potato than a dog that needs a lot of exercise. Think about your level of physical activity and whether or not you find a hyperactive dog irritating before making your final choice.

Easy To Train

Easy to train dogs can more easily form associations between a cue (like "sit"), an action (like sitting), and a reward than dogs that are more difficult to train. Dogs that require more time, patience, and repetition are more difficult to train.

Getting your dog interested in training will require incentives and games because many breeds are intelligent but have a "What's in it for me?" mentality when it comes to learning new things.

Family Affection Level

Affectionate With Family

Since puppyhood, some breeds remain aloof and independent; others form deep bonds with one individual but are uninterested in the rest of the family; still other types shower their entire family with affection. Canines raised in homes with people tend to be more open to human interaction and develop stronger ties, regardless of their breed or upbringing.


Kids-friendly dogs are calm, strong enough to bear the hefty hugs and pets kids can dish out, and have an unfazed attitude about rushing, scream-inducing children. There are several names you may not expect to see on the list: Fierce-looking Both Boxers and American Staffordshire Terriers are regarded as family dogs (which are considered Pit Bulls). Chihuahuas, which are small, sensitive, and potentially sharp, are not always family-friendly.

Dog Friendly

Dog friendship and human friendship are two entirely different things. The fact that a dog is friendly with humans doesn't mean it's immune to aggression or aggression from other dogs; some canines choose to play rather than fight; others will just run away. The type of animal isn't the only consideration. Dogs who have spent a lot of time playing with their littermates and their mother at the age of six to eight weeks are more likely to be socially competent.

Physical Appearance

Amount of Shedding

Having a dog in the house means that you'll have to deal with some level of dog hair on your clothing and in the home. It's worth noting, however, that shedding varies widely among breeds. Some dogs shed all year long, while others ``blow" just during specific times of the year, and still others don't shed at all. If you're a stickler for cleanliness, you'll need to choose a breed that sheds less or lower your expectations. You can use a deshedding tool to keep your house a little cleaner.

Drooling Potential

While greeting you, some dogs may cover their arms with ropes of drool and create large, wet patches on your clothing. If you don't mind a little drool, go for it; but if you're a stickler for cleanliness, you may want to look for a dog with a low drool rating.

Easy To Groom

Some breeds of dogs can simply be brushed and left alone, while others require frequent washing, trimming, and other grooming in order to maintain their health and appearance. If you don't have the time or money to take care of a dog that requires a lot of grooming, you may want to look into hiring a professional.

Exercise Needs

Evening walks around the neighbourhood are perfectly acceptable for some breeds. Others, particularly those trained for physically demanding vocations like herding or hunting, require regular, rigorous exercise.

They can gain weight and release their pent-up energy in ways you don't like, including barking, chewing, and digging, if not given enough exercise. Those looking to train their dog for an energetic canine activity, such as agility, should consider getting a dog that needs a lot of exercise.

Average sizes and life expectancy of the breed


40 to 70 pounds


12 to 15 years


17 to 20 inches tall at the shoulder


The Chow Chow bears certain spitz-like traits. There is speculation that the Chow Chow is either a direct descendant of or an ancestor of various other types of spitz dogs. Although the breed's origins are unknown, it has been well recognised in China for centuries or maybe millennia.

As a hunting dog, it may have sniffed out and even pointed out birds for the aristocracy. Only a few pure-bred descendants remained in remote monasteries and rich families once the Imperial hunts were discontinued. The black tongue of this breed is one of its most distinguishing characteristics, and it provided the inspiration for some of its most common names in China.

Chow Chow became popular in England only after a wave of Chinese immigrants brought the breed to the country in the late 1700s. Because the dogs were included in a ship's cargo record, the name may be derived from the words "Oriental knick-knacks" or "assorted curios." In reality, these early imports were viewed as curiosities. 

The breed wasn't seriously imported to England and the United States until the late 1800s. They were popularised by its owner, Queen Victoria, who was a fan. In 1903, the American Kennel Club (AKC) officially recognised the Chow Chow breed. Dogs of this type are known for their noble appearance, but in the 1980s their popularity increased, peaking at number six in America.

Personality and Temperament

Chow chows tend to be aloof and reserved, making them ideal for families who don't want their dogs to interact with other dogs. They can be wary of strangers and aggressive toward other dogs if they feel threatened. With their origins as guard dogs, this is a natural progression. It's critical that puppies be exposed to other dogs, cats, and people from an early age. If the alarm barking of chow chows is not managed, they can become nuisance dogs.

It can be difficult to train Chow chows, as they are both independent and stubborn, yet they are fairly bright. Competitors need a patient, firm trainer with a lot of imagination in order to succeed. Chow chows have a strong guarding instinct and must be taught how to regulate it.

The Chow Chow maintains a dignified demeanour, bordering on lordly. It's rare for him to be outgoing, even with relatives, and he's a little wary of new acquaintances. He has a tendency to be self-reliant and stubborn. He can be abrasive with other dogs, but he's fine around other pets in the house. It's possible that he's serious and protective of his family, but he may also be loyal to them.


Owning a Chow Chow requires a lot of time and effort to keep it clean and well-groomed, but its diet is simple to follow. Taking care of your dog entails remembering the following points.


There are several health and behavioural issues that can be caused by Chow Chows. As with any breed, it is best to get a puppy from a trustworthy breeder.


Weakness, convulsions, and coma are all possible side effects of low blood sugar. This is a frequent problem in puppies just after they've been weaned, and most of them will overcome it as they become bigger.

Entropion & Ectropion

Eyelids moving inward or outward, as the name suggests. irritate and scar the eye surface. Usually, corrective surgery is a simple process.


Increased pressure in the eyes of older dogs can lead to pain and visual loss.

Atopic Dermatitis

Allergens that are inhaled can induce a variety of skin reactions. House dust mites, molds, and pet dander are all examples of allergens. It is common for symptoms to be exacerbated by bacterial and fungal skin diseases in the ears, paws, belly, and perineum. The animal's quality of life should not be negatively impacted by these signs.

Hip Dysplasia

Common in Chows, perhaps due to their unique hind leg structure. Lameness can appear as early as six months of age and may necessitate surgical intervention or long-term treatment. Breeding animals that have been afflicted should be avoided.

Elbow Dysplasia

Elbow dysplasia, like hip dysplasia, is a condition that causes lameness in puppies and young dogs. In some circumstances, joint replacement surgery may be necessary to diagnose the problem.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy

The retina (the visual component of the eye) loses function owing to neuronal loss in this hereditary disease. Symptoms might begin to appear as early as infancy and are untreatable.

Sebaceous Adenitis

autoimmune inflammation of the sebaceous glands causes hair loss and scaly skin. Medicated shampoos, oils, and prescription drugs can be used to treat secondary infection and follicular blockage.

Behavioural Problems

Chow Chows are prone to aggression-based behavioural issues, however these can be avoided early on with socialisation and strong training. Consult a behaviourist as soon as you notice a problem developing.


One or both eyes may be impaired by the growth of opaque substances in the lens. If they are giving the Chow significant discomfort, a veterinary ophthalmologist can remove them.

Cerebellar Hypoplasia

The cerebellum is a component of the hindbrain that controls movement. Ataxia, which is characterised by a shaky, unstable walk, might arise if it is undeveloped. When puppies begin to walk, they are likely to show signs of this, which can be minor or severe.


Thyroid follicular cells are destroyed by the immune system, resulting in an underactive thyroid gland. Alopecia, weight gain, tiredness, and infertility are some of the side effects. Thyroid hormone therapy has a high success rate.


A disease that affects pigment-producing cells in the skin (melanocytes). The oral pigmentation of Chows makes them more prone to this than other breeds.

Recommended Health Test

  1. Patella Evaluation
  2. Hip Evaluation
  3. Elbow Evaluation
  4. Ophthalmologist Evaluation
  5. Thyroid Evaluation


When it comes to dinnertime, Chows aren't exactly known for overindulgence. It is important to know that Chow Chows require more food per day than other breeds, so plan accordingly if you decide to have one.

If you're looking for the greatest food for your dog, you'll have to go through a lot of trial and error. For enormous or giant breeds, look for high-quality dog food that is specifically developed for this purpose. You should also keep an eye out for foods that have tartar-controlling elements like parsley or mint, which will help keep your pet's teeth clean at mealtime.

About 4 cups of food a day is needed for Chows, which can be divided into two or three meals for pups. Adult Chow Chows require 4–5 cups of water per day, split over two meals.


Chow Chow's thick coat necessitates more time spent on grooming than other breeds. Rubber-bristle dog brushes are recommended by some pet owners to help reduce dander build up on your dog.

Pets that have been exposed to brushing from an early age will no longer experience discomfort or irritation when their coat is passed through a brush. As a result, if you begin brushing them as adults, they may develop a dread of brushes and grooming sessions.

Another advice is to take your dog to the groomer at least once every six to eight weeks so that he can stay in peak condition while also reducing your workload. In the long term, the extra money invested will be well worth it. Once a month, especially if your dog spends a lot of time outside, you should examine him for fleas and ticks to ensure that nothing is causing him any discomfort.


Chow Chows are enthusiastic and active canines who enjoy spending time with their families.

They should be given at least an hour of physical activity every day, such as jogging or a stroll, to avoid becoming bored and chewing on things around the house. As a result, they do well in dog parks since they have a strong need to socialise. It's important to use caution when taking them to one, as these animals can be aggressive toward other animals.

In order to prevent your Chow Chow from getting out of your yard, make sure you have a secure area where he can run off-leash. To avoid attracting them, don't leave any ponds or lakes unattended while they're in the area.

Consider running or hiking with your dog if he or she is in good shape. After every 30 minutes of exercise, allow the dog to rest for at least 5 minutes so that they don't get hurt or overheated from running too hard.


Training Chow Chows, which are not known for being obstinate canines by nature, might take some time because they have a lot of willpower when it comes to doing what they want.

Negative conduct should not be punished since the dog will become fearful of you and lose faith in you if you do so. Treats and praise are the best way to train this breed.

In terms of training the Chow Chow, it's important to remember that this breed is extremely independent, so you'll have to be patient during the process if you want things to go smoothly. You should be able to learn a wide range of tricks from this breed if you put in the time and effort.

Obedience training can be done well by Chow Chows because they have been hunting for hundreds of years in China and have a natural instinct for it. Do not underestimate the importance of establishing yourself as the alpha dog throughout training, as this will allow you and others to manage your pet with ease as they grow older in a safe manner.

Children and Other Pets

Unless they've been reared in a household with children, Chow Chows are not the kind of dog that will put up with a lot of roughhousing from a youngster. Chows thrive in households with older children who are familiar with dog care.

Children should always be taught how to approach and touch your Chow, as well as how to avoid biting or ear-pulling from either party, as with any dog.

A well-socialized and trained Chow can get along with other dogs and cats, especially if they are introduced to them as puppies. Dogs of the opposite sex, on the other hand, are the best match for them.


Because puppies have a double coat, they must be socialised from an early age if they are to grow up to be friendly adults. Because puppies have small stomachs, they must be fed in smaller amounts at a more frequent frequency. The puppy's regular meals are expected to continue until he or she is a year old at the earliest.

Dogs Similar to Chow Chows

The Chow Chow is a beautiful and spunky dog, but it isn't the appropriate pet for everyone. Here are a few other breeds to consider if you're looking for a new companion.

Tibetan Mastiff

In many ways, Tibetan Mastiffs are similar to Chow Chows in that they are both aggressive and headstrong. Their weight is significantly greater than that of a Chow Chow, but they are just somewhat taller.

Alaskan Malamute

The intelligence and social nature of Alaskan Malamutes make them ideal pets for families who spend a lot of time around other people. Although they are excellent watchdogs, they require a lot more space than what you'd find in an apartment.


Keeshonds have a reputation for being extremely loyal and affectionate to their owners. However, they tend to be more friendly to strangers, thus they may not be the best watchdog for a particular individual.