Updated 08-06-2023


The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and the Cocker Spaniel are the parent breeds of the Cockalier, a mixed breed dog. These pups have a combination of their parents' best qualities: friendliness, gentleness, and intelligence.

Mixed dog breeds like the Cockalier are known for their love of people and their ability to be extremely loyal. They create strong ties with those who show them care and affection, and they will be devoted companions for the rest of their lives. They are a good choice for first-time dog owners because of their intelligence and willingness to learn.

Although Cockapoos have a lot of energy, they may live in apartments or smaller settings if they get enough exercise. Adopting one of these pups is a terrific idea if you're seeking a caring and devoted companion. Here are all the characteristics and facts about Cockaliers, a mixed breed dog!


  • Mixed-breed dogs, cockaliers are. These dogs, like their Cocker Spaniel and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel ancestors, are not purebred.
  • In addition to black, brown, and red, there are now white Cockalier coats available. Medium-length hair and a wavy coat are the most common descriptions for the fur.
  • Adorable little pups who are great with children of all ages. They have a natural affinity towards people.
  • The Cockalier is known as a mixed dog breed that is intelligent and ready to please, so socialisation and training are usually not problems.
  • Every day, the Cockalier needs to be exercised for at least an hour. It's best if these sessions are a little more upbeat.
  • The lively mixed breed may live in an apartment as long as it is given adequate exercise.


Social Appearance 


It's a common misconception that a little dog is better suited to living in a limited space. Many tiny dogs have too much energy and are too yappy to live in an apartment building. An apartment dog's best attributes include being quiet, low energy, somewhat peaceful indoors, and respectful to the other inhabitants. Your dog's personal space in your apartment can be improved by purchasing one of these fantastic dog cages.

Sensitivity Level

Depending on the dog, a strong rebuke can be taken in stride by some, while others regard even the tiniest hint of disapproval as a personal attack. If you have a loud or pushy owner, a chaotic home, or a routine that is unpredictable or variable, your low-sensitivity dog, often known as "easy-going," "tolerant," "resilient," or even "thick-skinned," will be able to handle it better. Do you have young children, host a lot of parties, or have a hectic lifestyle? Choose a dog that isn't overly sensitive.


You can't tell from looking at them whether or not they're hyperactive, but when they do anything, they do it vigorously. They tug at their leashes (unless you teach them not to), they push their way through barriers, and they down their meals in huge, gobbling gulps. A home with young children or an elderly or feeble person may not be the best place for these dynamos to learn proper etiquette. On the other side, a dog with poor vitality adopts a more reserved demeanor.

Potential for Playfulness

The playful nature of certain dogs never fades away, and they're always ready for a game, whereas the reserved and serious tendencies of other dogs develop through time. Think about how many times a day you want to play fetch or tag with your dog, and whether or not you have children or other dogs who can act as substitutes.

Personality Appearance


In the same way as working dogs, such as those that herd sheep, are bred for intelligence and decision-making, working dogs like those who run all day need to exercise their bodies. The two most common activities that a bored pet engages in are digging and chewing, both of which require mental stimulation. There are several ways to keep a dog's brain active, including obedience training, interactive dog toys like tug of war, and dog sports like agility and search and rescue.

Energy Level

Energy-draining dogs are always on the lookout for a new activity. There are several jobs that require a lot of stamina from dogs, such as herding livestock or recovering prey for hunters. Children are more likely to engage in activities such as jumping, playing and exploring new sights and smells as a result of this change in their environment

A low-energy dog is more like a couch potato than a dog that needs a lot of exercise. Think about your level of physical activity and whether or not you find a hyperactive dog irritating before making your final choice.

Easy To Train

Easy to train dogs can more easily form associations between a cue (like "sit"), an action (like sitting), and a reward than dogs that are more difficult to train. Dogs that require more time, patience, and repetition are more difficult to train.

Getting your dog interested in training will require incentives and games because many breeds are intelligent but have a "What's in it for me?" mentality when it comes to learning new things.

Family Affection Level

Affectionate With Family

Since puppyhood, some breeds remain aloof and independent; others form deep bonds with one individual but are uninterested in the rest of the family; still other types shower their entire family with affection. Canines raised in homes with people tend to be more open to human interaction and develop stronger ties, regardless of their breed or upbringing.


Kids-friendly dogs are calm, strong enough to bear the hefty hugs and pets kids can dish out, and have an unfazed attitude about rushing, scream-inducing children. There are several names you may not expect to see on the list: Fierce-looking Both Boxers and American Staffordshire Terriers are regarded as family dogs (which are considered Pit Bulls). Chihuahuas, which are small, sensitive, and potentially sharp, are not always family-friendly.

Dog Friendly

Dog friendship and human friendship are two entirely different things. The fact that a dog is friendly with humans doesn't mean it's immune to aggression or aggression from other dogs; some canines choose to play rather than fight; others will just run away. The type of animal isn't the only consideration. Dogs who have spent a lot of time playing with their littermates and their mother at the age of six to eight weeks are more likely to be socially competent.

Physical Appearance

Amount of Shedding

Having a dog in the house means that you'll have to deal with some level of dog hair on your clothing and in the home. It's worth noting, however, that shedding varies widely among breeds. Some dogs shed all year long, while others ``blow" just during specific times of the year, and still others don't shed at all. If you're a stickler for cleanliness, you'll need to choose a breed that sheds less or lower your expectations. You can use a deshedding tool to keep your house a little cleaner.

Drooling Potential

While greeting you, some dogs may cover their arms with ropes of drool and create large, wet patches on your clothing. If you don't mind a little drool, go for it; but if you're a stickler for cleanliness, you may want to look for a dog with a low drool rating.

Easy To Groom

Some breeds of dogs can simply be brushed and left alone, while others require frequent washing, trimming, and other grooming in order to maintain their health and appearance. If you don't have the time or money to take care of a dog that requires a lot of grooming, you may want to look into hiring a professional.

Exercise Needs

Evening walks around the neighbourhood are perfectly acceptable for some breeds. Others, particularly those trained for physically demanding vocations like herding or hunting, require regular, rigorous exercise.

They can gain weight and release their pent-up energy in ways you don't like, including barking, chewing, and digging, if not given enough exercise. Those looking to train their dog for an energetic canine activity, such as agility, should consider getting a dog that needs a lot of exercise.

Average sizes and life expectancy of the breed


10 to 28 pounds


12 to 15 years


12 to 15 inches


The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and the Cocker Spaniel have been combined to create the Cockalier, a new breed of dog. When it comes to their appearance, the Cocker Spaniel and the Cavie Spaniel are very similar, but their personalities are very different! It's unclear when this hybrid first appeared, although it's likely been around for a few decades at this point.

The Cavalier is a dog with a long and distinguished history, and Charles I is said to have possessed several of them in the 1600s. Unlike today's Cavaliers, Charles I's working dogs would have had longer muzzles and legs, which would have made them more agile.

They have been a member of the Kennel Club's Toy Group since 1945, when the breed was first recognised. In the canine world, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have a reputation for being among of the most docile and sweet-natured dogs out there. Many health problems do plague them, the most notable of which is mitral valve disease, a degenerative ailment of the heart that affects an estimated half of the population or more. It has been proposed that Cavies be bred with other breeds to broaden the genetic pool in an effort to eradicate this disease.

Traditional English Cocker Spaniels or current American Cocker Spaniels can be utilised to create the Cockaliers. The Cocker Spaniel was a gun dog that flushed out Woodcock so that hunters could shoot and collect anything shot with a soft mouth. Spaniels were first used for hunting in the 1400s and 1500s.

Named after the English 'Woodcock', "Cocker" is a type of dog. It was a gradual process that resulted in the breed being divided into working and show dogs. In the 1920s, the Cocker Spaniel breed began to split into English and American varieties, with the American Spaniels being considerably lighter and less athletic than their English counterparts.

Personality & Temperament

Since Cavalier and Cocker Spaniel dispositions are so distinct, predicting the Cockalier's temperament can be challenging. Dogs, in general, are affectionate and people-oriented creatures who thrive when surrounded by the people they care about most. It is rare for them to snap at a child, and they are quite tolerant with them. As well, they get along well with other pets in the house and rarely get into a fight with them, too.

In spite of the Cockalier's ability to bark at the first sight of an intruder, they are not aggressive enough to serve as a guard dog and are more likely to greet visitors cheerfully than other breeds.

If you're looking for an easy-going and laid back dog, the Cockalier is the best choice. Although this cross-breed can be extremely reliant on humans and may develop separation anxiety if left alone for lengthy periods of time, it is not recommended to leave it to its own devices for too long.


For those who are new to dog ownership, the Cockalier is an excellent choice. Grooming, feeding, and training should be relatively simple, but exercise and socialisation will take more time and work to implement. This dog's mild and friendly personality means that much of its upkeep should be hassle-free. Fortunately.


Healthy and hardy new hybrids will require careful breeding of Cockalier puppies if they are to avoid inherited health issues.

Ear Infections

Chronic earache is a continual source of pain for Spaniel owners. Symptoms include shaking the head, scratching the ears, and even a slight tilting of the head. An attentive owner may notice that the inside of the dog's ear is red and has a strong odour.

When an infection is discovered, a sample of the ear's contents should be obtained by a veterinarian in order to identify the specific type of illness. A severe infection may necessitate anaesthetic flushing of the ears and long-term antibiotic and anti-inflammatory treatment.

Mitral Valve Disease

More than half of all King Charles Spaniels eventually succumb to Mitral Valve Disease, which is the most common canine heart problem. Crossing these dogs with Cocker Spaniels may be beneficial, but it will not solve the issue. Breeding animals should be checked annually for heart murmurs and evaluated by a cardiologist in the ideal scenario.

Patellar Luxation

Despite the fact that patellar luxation can affect any dog, it is more common in smaller breeds. The first sign an owner notices is usually a brief lameness of the back limb that causes the dog to skip a few steps. The problem can be diagnosed by knee X-rays, and surgery is suggested in more severe cases.

Recommended Health Test

  1. X-Rays
  2. MRI
  3. Blood Tests
  4. Ocular Tests
  5. Full Body Physical Examination
  6. Urine and Stool Analysis


Cockaliers' dietary needs are as simple as feeding them good dog food. High protein sources like beef, poultry, and fish, as well as healthy fats and complex carbs, are essential for their well-being.

In order to ensure that your developing pup receives all the nutrients he or she requires, choose a meal that is tailored to your dog's size and energy level, just like you would with any other breed. The best diet for Cockaliers is developed for small breeds with moderate to high energy levels.

Take care not to overfeed your Cockalier, as weight gain and related concerns can be a problem for many tiny dog breeds. If you're unsure about how much food to feed your dog, consult with your veterinarian or follow the instructions on the label of your dog food for small breeds.


For the most part, Cockaliers are easy to care for and don't require any special grooming. You can keep your dog's appearance and health in check with some regular grooming at home and occasional trips to the groomer.

In order to prevent matting, weekly brushing of Cockaliers' long hair is essential. Most dogs don't need to go to the groomer very often if they're being cared for properly at home, but if you want to keep them looking neat, you can always take them in for haircuts. With this breed's disposition, you should have no problem with your dog's conduct at the groomer if you start teaching it about grooming early on.

If you don't clip your dog's nails yourself, make an appointment with your veterinarian or groomer so that they may take care of this task for you. Ear infections in Cockalier dogs can be prevented by cleaning their ears on a weekly or biweekly basis, as is recommended for all dogs.


In spite of the fact that Cockaliers like spending time with their owners, they still require regular exercise. Cockaliers require an average of an hour of exercise each day to maintain their happiness and health. Exercises such as jogging, swimming, and hiking are all acceptable examples of this. Predatory dogs, like Labradors, have a high prey drive, therefore keep them on a leash at all times while out for a walk.

If your dog gets the recommended hour of activity each day, the rest of the time can be spent cuddling on the couch or going on adventures. Cockaliers can adapt well to their owner's lifestyle and daily energy expenditure. Dogs in the Cockatoo family enjoy exploring and being outside, so if you're an active person, your dog will gladly join you in your outdoor adventures.


In training, the Cockalier is descended from both the Cocker and the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel parent breeds, both of which are known for their intelligence and enthusiasm to please. Training a Cockalier should be a breeze thanks to this breed's inherent training-friendliness.

Starting training early, like with other dog breeds, will result in greater results and a well-trained canine as with any other dog, cockaliers who aren't properly trained at an early age are prone to grow stubborn and a little entitled. This is why it's so crucial to begin a solid training plan as soon as possible.

Positive reinforcement and a calm and loving approach to training with food and play as incentives will most likely result in a Cockalier that swiftly and enthusiastically learns new commands.

Children and Other Pets

An excellent fit is found between cockaliers and children. It's a given that the mix will like participating in spontaneous play sessions with the children. Just keep in mind that the early stages of the relationship are critical for properly socialising both sides.

Cockaliers are often good with other pets in the house. But be cautious to establish clear boundaries between your new dog and any other pets in your home.

In the end, this breed benefits greatly from early socialisation. When you first bring your Cockalier home, make careful to praise and encourage positive behaviour and follow a structured training regimen.


Socializing Cockalier puppies as soon as possible is essential to preventing shyness or temperament concerns. Fortunately, this isn't a major worry due to its inherent friendliness. Its prey drive is the bigger issue. Even with adequate training and a strong focus on obeying directions, some prey drive should be expected. Crate training and day-care can all aid with overall behaviour improvement, however. Talk to your veterinarian if you have any further questions about puppy issues, such as microchipping and immunizations,

Dogs Similar to the Cockalier

Like other spaniel breeds, the Cockalier has two parent breeds.

King Charles spaniel

Known as an English toy spaniel, this petite, feisty, and lovable dog is also known as an English toy spaniel because of its relationship with English aristocracy. Despite its hunting instincts, this breed is best suited for a home where it may curl up on your lap and be your companion. King Charles Spaniels used to be known as Cavaliers.

American Water Spaniel

They can hunt on land or water and are just as eager to recover prey as a Golden Retriever, thanks to the American Water Spaniel's curly double coat in liver brown or chocolate. As a family dog, it's a wonderful companion that thrives on attention.

English Springer Spaniel

The English Springer Spaniel, a medium-sized dog with black/liver and white markings all over the body, is intelligent, obedient, and eager to please. There are working and exhibition strains of this breed.