Updated 19-08-2023

Czechoslovakian Vlcak

The Czechoslovak Vlcak is a purebred despite its recent origins. In an attempt to develop an attack dog, a hybrid between German Shepherds and Carpathian Wolfdogs was made in 1955. Vlcaks, despite their rarity, are now commonly seen in homes with children or as working dogs.

The Ceskoslovensky Vlcak, Vlcak, Czech Wolfdog, Slovak Wolfdog, and CSV are all alternate names for the Czechoslovakian Vlcak.

Beginner dog owners should steer clear of the Vlcak. In order to establish themselves as the "pack leader," pet owners must demonstrate their dominance by their strong energy, wolf ancestry, intelligence, and eagerness to work. 

It may be difficult to live in an apartment unless you have a huge backyard for them to play in and stroll around in; this would be excellent for them. Because of their hunt instinct, it's best to avoid keeping them in the same household with pets smaller than cats or dogs because of their affection and loyalty. Dogs of the same breed, on the other hand, are a good choice for companions. Czechoslovakian Vlcak dog breed characteristics and facts can be found below!


  • In terms of coloration, the Czechoslovak Vlcak's is very wolf-like: yellow-grey to silver-grey, with a pale mask.
  • The Vlcak's coat is straight and coarse, and it gets thicker as the seasons change. The Vlcak sheds heavily twice a year, so it doesn't require a lot of grooming. Brushing can be done as needed.
  • In order to keep a Vlcak happy and well-behaved, he or she needs at least two hours of exercise every day, including walks, play, obedience training and exploration.
  • As a rule, Vlcaks do not get along well with tiny domestic animals because of their hunting heritage.
  • Children of all ages like playing with Vlcaks because of their strong energy and willingness to engage in fun activities. They're usually good with kids.


Social Appearance 


It's a common misconception that a little dog is better suited to living in a limited space. Many tiny dogs have too much energy and are too yappy to live in an apartment building. An apartment dog's best attributes include being quiet, low energy, somewhat peaceful indoors, and respectful to the other inhabitants. Your dog's personal space in your apartment can be improved by purchasing one of these fantastic dog cages.

Sensitivity Level

Depending on the dog, a strong rebuke can be taken in stride by some, while others regard even the tiniest hint of disapproval as a personal attack. If you have a loud or pushy owner, a chaotic home, or a routine that is unpredictable or variable, your low-sensitivity dog, often known as "easy-going," "tolerant," "resilient," or even "thick-skinned," will be able to handle it better. Do you have young children, host a lot of parties, or have a hectic lifestyle? Choose a dog that isn't overly sensitive.


You can't tell from looking at them whether or not they're hyperactive, but when they do anything, they do it vigorously. They tug at their leashes (unless you teach them not to), they push their way through barriers, and they down their meals in huge, gobbling gulps. A home with young children or an elderly or feeble person may not be the best place for these dynamos to learn proper etiquette. On the other side, a dog with poor vitality adopts a more reserved demeanor.

Potential for Playfulness

The playful nature of certain dogs never fades away, and they're always ready for a game, whereas the reserved and serious tendencies of other dogs develop through time. Think about how many times a day you want to play fetch or tag with your dog, and whether or not you have children or other dogs who can act as substitutes.

Personality Appearance


In the same way as working dogs, such as those that herd sheep, are bred for intelligence and decision-making, working dogs like those who run all day need to exercise their bodies. The two most common activities that a bored pet engages in are digging and chewing, both of which require mental stimulation. There are several ways to keep a dog's brain active, including obedience training, interactive dog toys like tug of war, and dog sports like agility and search and rescue.

Energy Level

Energy-draining dogs are always on the lookout for a new activity. There are several jobs that require a lot of stamina from dogs, such as herding livestock or recovering prey for hunters. Children are more likely to engage in activities such as jumping, playing and exploring new sights and smells as a result of this change in their environment

A low-energy dog is more like a couch potato than a dog that needs a lot of exercise. Think about your level of physical activity and whether or not you find a hyperactive dog irritating before making your final choice.

Easy To Train

Easy to train dogs can more easily form associations between a cue (like "sit"), an action (like sitting), and a reward than dogs that are more difficult to train. Dogs that require more time, patience, and repetition are more difficult to train.

Getting your dog interested in training will require incentives and games because many breeds are intelligent but have a "What's in it for me?" mentality when it comes to learning new things.

Family Affection Level

Affectionate With Family

Since puppyhood, some breeds remain aloof and independent; others form deep bonds with one individual but are uninterested in the rest of the family; still other types shower their entire family with affection. Canines raised in homes with people tend to be more open to human interaction and develop stronger ties, regardless of their breed or upbringing.


Kids-friendly dogs are calm, strong enough to bear the hefty hugs and pets kids can dish out, and have an unfazed attitude about rushing, scream-inducing children. There are several names you may not expect to see on the list: Fierce-looking Both Boxers and American Staffordshire Terriers are regarded as family dogs (which are considered Pit Bulls). Chihuahuas, which are small, sensitive, and potentially sharp, are not always family-friendly.

Dog Friendly

Dog friendship and human friendship are two entirely different things. The fact that a dog is friendly with humans doesn't mean it's immune to aggression or aggression from other dogs; some canines choose to play rather than fight; others will just run away. The type of animal isn't the only consideration. Dogs who have spent a lot of time playing with their littermates and their mother at the age of six to eight weeks are more likely to be socially competent.

Physical Appearance

Amount of Shedding

Having a dog in the house means that you'll have to deal with some level of dog hair on your clothing and in the home. It's worth noting, however, that shedding varies widely among breeds. Some dogs shed all year long, while others ``blow" just during specific times of the year, and still others don't shed at all. If you're a stickler for cleanliness, you'll need to choose a breed that sheds less or lower your expectations. You can use a deshedding tool to keep your house a little cleaner.

Drooling Potential

While greeting you, some dogs may cover their arms with ropes of drool and create large, wet patches on your clothing. If you don't mind a little drool, go for it; but if you're a stickler for cleanliness, you may want to look for a dog with a low drool rating.

Easy To Groom

Some breeds of dogs can simply be brushed and left alone, while others require frequent washing, trimming, and other grooming in order to maintain their health and appearance. If you don't have the time or money to take care of a dog that requires a lot of grooming, you may want to look into hiring a professional.

Exercise Needs

Evening walks around the neighbourhood are perfectly acceptable for some breeds. Others, particularly those trained for physically demanding vocations like herding or hunting, require regular, rigorous exercise.

They can gain weight and release their pent-up energy in ways you don't like, including barking, chewing, and digging, if not given enough exercise. Those looking to train their dog for an energetic canine activity, such as agility, should consider getting a dog that needs a lot of exercise.

Average sizes and life expectancy of the breed


44 to 57 pounds


12 to 16 years


24 to 26 inches


Breeds like this one deserve to go down in canine history. Instead of being named after its wolf like appearance, the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog is the offspring of a cross between wolves and German Shepherds.

It was unclear whether or not it was feasible to breed wolves and dogs before this experiment, and there were a number of hypotheses as to where the domesticated dog came from. An experiment led by Karel Hartl in the Czech Republic in 1955 resulted in the creation of four Carpathian wolves: Argo, Brita, Lejdy, and Sarik. A Czechoslovakian compound managed to produce fruitful children after only a decade of breeding.

There were wolf-dog hybrids created, but the domestic German shepherd was easier to train than the ones created. Despite this, the Czechoslovak military and police utilised hybrid dogs widely, even as border patrol dogs. Despite the fact that training these dogs took more time and effort, they were nonetheless popular since they were healthier and more capable than their canine counterparts.

In 1982, the Czechoslovak Kennel Club authorised the breed and awarded it the honour of being the national breed of Czechoslovakia. As the twentieth century drew to a close, their global acclaim grew, and today, the United States is home to an estimated 100 of them.

There has recently been an increase in the breeding of Czechoslovakian Wolfdogs with wild Italian wolves for profit, with puppies being sold for thousands of euros. To combat the illegal importation of Wolf Dogs from Czechoslovakia, Italian authorities captured around 200 hounds in 2017.

When it comes to reproduction, female wolves tend to mate only once a year and give birth in the winter. The Czechoslovak Wolfdog is a hardy outdoor dog that thrives in frigid temperatures. Like the wolf, this breed can be fairly nocturnal when given the opportunity to do so, as well.

Personality & Temperament

Because these canines are more closely connected to the wolf than any other breed, it's expected that they'd exhibit traits typical of the canine wolf. Like wolves in the wild, they socialise with other canines by building hierarchies based on their inherent 'pack' behaviour. An interesting fact about this breed is that it does not bark, preferring instead to use howls and whines that sound more like wolves.

Because of their independence and self-assurance, these dogs can be reserved with people. While this may be the case, they are able to live with families and are frequently loyal to their owners. They are not suitable for households with children or other animals because of their innate impulses and raw strength. At least two puppies from the same litter or subsequent litters should be maintained together as a group of companions for these canines.

The Czechoslovakian Wolfdog's ability to coexist with humans and other animals is dependent on early, extensive, and extensive socialisation. These canines are excellent guard dogs, and they'll alert you to any intruders in their sphere of influence.


However, the Czechoslovakian wolfdog is a gorgeous dog that is loyal and hardworking at the same time. The Czechoslovakian wolfdog will shine in the hands of a skilled owner. This wolfdog is best cared for by an experienced owner who understands the complexities of caring for a primitive breed. Grooming the dog is a simple process.


The Czechoslovakian Wolfdog has the typical hybrid vigour of a dog mixed with another species and can live well into their teen years. The fact that they have hip dysplasia makes sense given their family history.

Hip dysplasia affects a substantial percentage of medium and large breed dogs, especially German Shepherds. Lifelong discomfort and mobility difficulties are a result of this orthopaedic ailment. When the hips don't form appropriately, they don't carry the weight properly, which leads to osteoarthritis. Weight loss, medication, and physiotherapy can be used to treat this problem.

Recommended Health Tests 

  1. Hip Evaluation
  2. Elbow Evaluation
  3. Degenerative Myelopathy
  4. Eye Examination by boarded ACVO Ophthalmologist
  5. DNA Repository
  6. Dentition (full)
  7. Cardiac Evaluation (Optional)
  8. Autoimmune Thyroiditis (Optional)
  9. Pituitary Dwarfism DNA Test (Optional)


Between 3 and 4 cups of food are consumed by the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog each day, which is active and vivacious. Feed at the higher end of this range if he is active. A meat-based protein-rich diet is best for your Wolfdog because he is an omnivore and will eat plants and vegetables just as readily as meat. You should feed your dog in smaller portions and space them out over the course of the day to keep him from gaining too much weight.


Keeping a Czechoslovakian Wolfdog clean should not be essential because of its naturally odourless nature. He does need to be brushed once a week, and he sheds a lot throughout certain seasons. You should check your dog's nails and teeth three times a week as soon as he is a puppy.


Unlike some other breeds, the Wolfdog does not require as much exercise as others, but he still needs to go for walks to get his legs stretched. You may expect daily walks of two to three miles, and he will be grateful for any time he can spend off-leash and on the prowl. He is a great sled dog, but he is also a great hunter, and his agility and strength allow him to participate in a wide range of activities.


With this breed, appropriate training is not only tough but essential to its well-being as an owner. In many ways, having an untrained Wolfdog is like having to share your home with a pack of wolves in the woods. No matter how strict you are with his training, he needs to know where he is in the hierarchy of authority. Avoid this breed for your first pet unless you are prepared to put in the time and effort required.

Children and Other Pets

Because of their fun, loyal, and loving character, Czechoslovakian Vlcaks are excellent with youngsters. Their affection for children and families can also be fairly strong.

Teaching youngsters how to properly interact with these dogs, like with any breed, is essential. They should be nice and gentle, and they should not put their hands in the dogs' jaws, for example. These dogs have a lot of energy and prefer to play than cuddle, although they can do both if they get enough exercise.

Vlcaks get along well with other dogs and thrive in a pack environment. Be prepared, though, for the other dogs to create a dominance hierarchy. Vlcaks should not be introduced into families with small animals, and even cats might be a challenge for them to coexist with. Keep in mind that wolves were their ancestors.

To bring out the best in your Vlcak and establish yourself as their leader, you need to start teaching and socialising them early on with tough discipline and positive reinforcement.


To avoid violent behaviour and an unsociable temperament later in life, a Czechoslovakian Wolfdog puppy should be trained and socialised frequently and early on. Classes can be a great way to get your puppy used to being around other people and animals while also giving you some extra support. Housebreaking and behavioural difficulties might both benefit from crate training. Even though a crate should never be used as a form of punishment, it can provide a safe haven for your dog to calm when it's feeling nervous or agitated.

Consult your veterinarian if you have any concerns or questions concerning your pet's vaccinations, spaying/neutering, or microchipping.

Dogs Similar to the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog

Saarloos Wolfdog

A German shepherd and a Siberian grey wolf were crossed to create this huge, powerful breed. It is thought to have the closest resemblance to a wolf of all the dog breeds. Some European organisations do, however, the AKC is one such example.


Medium-sized hunting dog with a highly alert and energetic disposition and exceptional tracking abilities known as the Japanese Wolfdog (despite it does not include any recent wolf lineage). It is classified as a member of the Spitz family because of its thick double coat in black, brown, or red, powerful pointed nose, and curled tail.

German shepherd

The German shepherd is a beloved family pet and much sought after as a working dog around the world. Despite its big, wolf-like look, the breed only dates back to the 19th century and is descended from European herding and sheepdogs. Tan and black coloured dogs are the most common, although there are a few exceptions. The Czechoslovak Wolfdog's size is comparable to that of the Wolfdog.