Updated 04-09-2023

English Springer Spaniel

The English Springer Spaniel is a popular breed of dog for both hunting and companionship due to its history as a gun dog.

Active and adaptable, they may be found in a variety of dog sports including agility, hunt tests, tracking, obedience competitions, and more, and they make fantastic hiking and camping companions. Below is a comprehensive look at English Springer Spaniels, including information on the breed's history, characteristics, and more!


  • The English Springer spaniel is bored or lonely, they may start barking excessively.
  • English Springer Spaniels have gotten a bad rap in recent years for being either too dominant or too dominant. You should only buy a Springer from a breeder that puts the pups through extensive temperament and health exams.
  • There are essentially two types of English Springer Spaniels, the working kind and the show type. You should do your research to determine which option is ideal for you.
  • Why Your English Springer Spaniel won't make a very effective watchdog. They make a lot of commotion at first, especially when there are strangers around, but then they calm down and just want to be pet.
  • The English Springer The spaniel breed was bred for generations to have an abundance of energy and stamina. If you don't have time to give your dog the exercise he needs, he could develop anxiety and bad habits.
  • Some English Springer Spaniels exhibit submissive urination when they're overjoyed or anxious to see you return home. To avoid this problem, it's best to keep homecomings low key and ignore your dog for the first few minutes after arriving. There's a chance that if you do this, your puppy will outgrow this phase.
  • To prevent your English Springer Spaniel from getting into trouble, always have him on a leash when you take him outside. You can never predict when he would spot a bird and be seized by the urge to chase it!
  • If you want a healthy dog, you should never buy one from a pet store, puppy mill, or backyard breeder. Find a breeder who takes the time to ensure the health and temperament of her breeding dogs by conducting appropriate testing.


Social Appearance 


It's a common misconception that a little dog is better suited to living in a limited space. Many tiny dogs have too much energy and are too yappy to live in an apartment building. An apartment dog's best attributes include being quiet, low energy, somewhat peaceful indoors, and respectful to the other inhabitants. Your dog's personal space in your apartment can be improved by purchasing one of these fantastic dog cages.

Sensitivity Level

Depending on the dog, a strong rebuke can be taken in stride by some, while others regard even the tiniest hint of disapproval as a personal attack. If you have a loud or pushy owner, a chaotic home, or a routine that is unpredictable or variable, your low-sensitivity dog, often known as "easy-going," "tolerant," "resilient," or even "thick-skinned," will be able to handle it better. Do you have young children, host a lot of parties, or have a hectic lifestyle? Choose a dog that isn't overly sensitive.


You can't tell from looking at them whether or not they're hyperactive, but when they do anything, they do it vigorously. They tug at their leashes (unless you teach them not to), they push their way through barriers, and they down their meals in huge, gobbling gulps. A home with young children or an elderly or feeble person may not be the best place for these dynamos to learn proper etiquette. On the other side, a dog with poor vitality adopts a more reserved demeanor.

Potential for Playfulness

The playful nature of certain dogs never fades away, and they're always ready for a game, whereas the reserved and serious tendencies of other dogs develop through time. Think about how many times a day you want to play fetch or tag with your dog, and whether or not you have children or other dogs who can act as substitutes.

Personality Appearance


In the same way as working dogs, such as those that herd sheep, are bred for intelligence and decision-making, working dogs like those who run all day need to exercise their bodies. The two most common activities that a bored pet engages in are digging and chewing, both of which require mental stimulation. There are several ways to keep a dog's brain active, including obedience training, interactive dog toys like tug of war, and dog sports like agility and search and rescue.

Energy Level

Energy-draining dogs are always on the lookout for a new activity. There are several jobs that require a lot of stamina from dogs, such as herding livestock or recovering prey for hunters. Children are more likely to engage in activities such as jumping, playing and exploring new sights and smells as a result of this change in their environment

A low-energy dog is more like a couch potato than a dog that needs a lot of exercise. Think about your level of physical activity and whether or not you find a hyperactive dog irritating before making your final choice.

Easy To Train

Easy to train dogs can more easily form associations between a cue (like "sit"), an action (like sitting), and a reward than dogs that are more difficult to train. Dogs that require more time, patience, and repetition are more difficult to train.

Getting your dog interested in training will require incentives and games because many breeds are intelligent but have a "What's in it for me?" mentality when it comes to learning new things.

Family Affection Level

Affectionate With Family

Since puppyhood, some breeds remain aloof and independent; others form deep bonds with one individual but are uninterested in the rest of the family; still other types shower their entire family with affection. Canines raised in homes with people tend to be more open to human interaction and develop stronger ties, regardless of their breed or upbringing.


Kids-friendly dogs are calm, strong enough to bear the hefty hugs and pets kids can dish out, and have an unfazed attitude about rushing, scream-inducing children. There are several names you may not expect to see on the list: Fierce-looking Both Boxers and American Staffordshire Terriers are regarded as family dogs (which are considered Pit Bulls). Chihuahuas, which are small, sensitive, and potentially sharp, are not always family-friendly.

Dog Friendly

Dog friendship and human friendship are two entirely different things. The fact that a dog is friendly with humans doesn't mean it's immune to aggression or aggression from other dogs; some canines choose to play rather than fight; others will just run away. The type of animal isn't the only consideration. Dogs who have spent a lot of time playing with their littermates and their mother at the age of six to eight weeks are more likely to be socially competent.

Physical Appearance

Amount of Shedding

Having a dog in the house means that you'll have to deal with some level of dog hair on your clothing and in the home. It's worth noting, however, that shedding varies widely among breeds. Some dogs shed all year long, while others ``blow" just during specific times of the year, and still others don't shed at all. If you're a stickler for cleanliness, you'll need to choose a breed that sheds less or lower your expectations. You can use a deshedding tool to keep your house a little cleaner.

Drooling Potential

While greeting you, some dogs may cover their arms with ropes of drool and create large, wet patches on your clothing. If you don't mind a little drool, go for it; but if you're a stickler for cleanliness, you may want to look for a dog with a low drool rating.

Easy To Groom

Some breeds of dogs can simply be brushed and left alone, while others require frequent washing, trimming, and other grooming in order to maintain their health and appearance. If you don't have the time or money to take care of a dog that requires a lot of grooming, you may want to look into hiring a professional.

Exercise Needs

Evening walks around the neighborhood are perfectly acceptable for some breeds. Others, particularly those trained for physically demanding vocations like herding or hunting, require regular, rigorous exercise.

They can gain weight and release their pent-up energy in ways you don't like, including barking, chewing, and digging, if not given enough exercise. Those looking to train their dog for an energetic canine activity, such as agility, should consider getting a dog that needs a lot of exercise.

Average sizes and life expectancy of the breed


1 foot, 6 inches to 1 foot, 10 inches tall at the shoulder


45 to 55 pounds

Life Span:

9 to 15 years


Historically, hunters have relied on spaniel-type dogs to flush out a variety of furred and feathered quarry. There was a wide range of sizes for spaniels, and it was not uncommon for siblings to develop into different heights and weights within the same litter. Smaller dogs were bred specifically for hunting woodcock, hence the name "Cocker Spaniel;" larger dogs were used to "spring" animals for the hunter, flushing birds from the thicket so that they could be shot. In time, these dogs were recognised as English Springer Spaniels. In 1902, the English Kennel Club officially recognised the English English Springer Spaniel and the English Cocker Spaniel as independent breeds.

In 1924, the English Springer Spaniel Field Trial Association was established in the United States, marking the beginning of field trials, events in which dogs were assessed not only on their hunting prowess but also on that elusive trait, flair. Since then, the English Springer has branched out into two distinct varieties: the smaller field-bred variety, which is highly regarded for his hunting skills, and the larger, more aesthetically enhanced show-bred kind, which is recognised for its calm demeanor and thicker coat. The American Kennel Club recognises both forms as members of the same breed, despite their obvious distinctions. Their appeal is stable, as they drop just to 29th place from 26th in 2000.

Personality & Temperament

When it comes to dogs, the English Springer Spaniel is one of the most energetic and lively breeds. Always optimistic, it adjusts well to domestic settings thanks to its mild demeanor, affectionate nature, and appealing personality. They are excellent family pets as well as working dogs, show dogs, and athletes. Their athletic abilities include obedience, tracking, and agility.

In order to thrive, the English Springer Spaniel breed needs plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. The owner of a Springer Spaniel has a responsibility to give the dog enough of physical and mental activity. Dogs that are bored are more likely to bark excessively and chew on household items. They must run vigorously at least once every day.

Springer Spaniels, being people-oriented dogs, cannot be left alone for more than a few hours at a time without developing separation anxiety. They may engage in harmful behavior if left alone for extended periods of time. As long as they have a secure yard to play in and human company for the majority of the day, they are just as happy living in the city as they are in the country.

Although they make decent watch dogs, they are not guard dogs. They get along well with others of their kind and tend to be sociable. The problem is that there are documented incidents of aggressiveness toward animals of the same sex. People's demeanor might range from pleasant and sociable to wary and reticent. A dog's propensity to be polite and get along with pets and humans can be determined early on by its upbringing and the presence or absence of good, consistent parents, both of which can help prevent temperament issues. A dog that has always been well-behaved and friendly could suddenly become hostile if it comes from a line where dominant and aggressive qualities are more common.

It's common knowledge that Springer Spaniels are not the cleanest of dogs. In fact, they are often untidy because they enjoy playing in mud and water and then returning home as if nothing had occurred. Everything is a game to them, thus they aren't particularly delicate in that regard. When they are excited or nervous, they may also urinate submissively.


English Springer Spaniels are not the best choice for anyone who seeks a low-maintenance pet. Care for it correctly, including feeding, exercising, and grooming, will take a considerable amount of time and effort. Starting while your pet is still a puppy, annual veterinary examinations are essential for detecting any developing health issues.


This breed typically lives between 12 and 14 years. Several illnesses and disorders frequently affect English Springer Spaniels.

Elbow Dysplasia

The exact etiology of this disorder is unknown, however it appears to be related to improper development of the cartilage that lines the elbow joint. As a result, the bones don't develop at the same rate, which puts extra strain on the area and can possibly cause the joint to disintegrate or even break. As a result of the agony it causes, affected dogs become lame.

Ear Infections

This condition is prevalent in Springer Spaniels because the shape of their ears prevents air from flowing freely and allows moisture to build up, producing an excellent habitat for bacterial development. Ears must be kept dry and clean in order to prevent infection.

Hip Dysplasia

This condition manifests itself when the thighbone is improperly aligned within the hip joint, leading to irritation, inflammation, pain, and lameness. Inadequate diet (very caloric) or activity injuries are two environmental factors that can exacerbate this genetic disease. Make sure the puppy's parents have been checked for hip dysplasia before you bring it home.

Skin Disorders

Common skin problems in English Springer Spaniels include allergies. Greasy skin, itching, evidence of infection, hair loss, and scaling skin are all indications that something is wrong.

Eye Diseases

Several eye conditions, including progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), multifocal retinal dysplasia, entropion (inward folding of the eyelid), and primary glaucoma, are common in English Springer Spaniels. Except for entropion, which merely makes the eyes uncomfortable, the aforementioned disorders cause gradual but progressive vision loss, with permanent blindness as a possible end result.

Phosphofructokinase (PFK) Deficiency

Muscle cell and red blood cell abnormalities are the result of a hereditary enzyme deficiency. Jaundice (yellowing of the gums and eyes), anaemia (pale gums), loss of appetite, difficulty of activity, and even resistance to movement are typical symptoms.

Intense exercise seems to amplify the symptoms, and the disease might be mistaken for others, like autoimmune haemolytic anaemia, if the symptoms aren't recognised quickly.

Patellar Luxation

Kneecap dislocation can have multiple causes, including genetics and trauma. It occurs when the kneecap is momentarily dislodged from its usual position and then returns to its usual anatomic position as the legs relax.

Canine Fucosidosis

A lack of this enzyme causes a rapid decline in nervous system function that eventually proves deadly (alpha-L-fucosidase). Incoordination, a lack of motor control, behavioral abnormalities, an inability to maintain balance, feelings of despair, and a loss of weight are all symptoms. The condition can also make swallowing difficult, which can result in food being regurgitated.

Rage Syndrome

Occasionally, English Springer Spaniels may exhibit aggressive behavior for no apparent cause or in response to a seemingly innocuous event. Dogs often appear paralysed or bewildered just before an aggressive outburst, and these episodes tend to be highly strong and explosive. Rarely seen and the cause is unknown.

Autoimmune-Mediated Diseases

Autoimmune diseases include SLE, lupus, autoimmune thyroiditis, autoimmune addison's disease, autoimmune polyarthritis, autoimmune hepatitis, and autoimmune dermatitis.

Recommended Health Tests 

  1. Hip Evaluation
  2. Elbow Evaluation
  3. Ophthalmologist Evaluation
  4. PRA Optigen DNA Test
  5. PFK Disorder DNA Test


According to your dog's age, size, and activity level, you should provide your English Springer Spaniel with a high-quality kibble diet. How much and how often your dog should be fed each day can be seen on the back of the food bag.

Avoid giving your dog table scraps and table food to avoid obesity and health problems. If you are worried about your dog's weight or health, you should talk to your vet.


A weekly brushing is recommended for the English Springer Spaniel's medium-length double coat (but two or three times a week might be best). Only bathe them when absolutely required, with a high-quality dog shampoo, which is roughly once a month.

The long ears of an English Springer should be cleaned once a month, the dog's nails should be trimmed every three to four weeks, and the dog's teeth should be brushed twice or thrice a week.


Taking your English Springer Spaniel on a lengthy walk every day and playing with it will not be enough to meet its exercise needs. It would be best if they had access to a fenced yard, but a fenced dog park would also do the trick. They'll also do very well in competitions testing their obedience, tracking, and agility.

The English Springer, being a member of the Sporting Group, needs to be on a leash or within a secure enclosure at all times lest it turn to chasing after something it mistakes for prey.


To train an English Springer is a breeze due to the breed's intelligence and eagerness to please. Using positive reinforcement will help your puppy grow up to be a confident and content canine. The English Springer's tremendous energy and natural hunting instincts necessitate a firm but gentle approach to training and socialization.

Children And Other Pets

If raised with kids from an early age, Springers tend to get along famously. Sometimes, older Springers who have never lived with kids before do best in a household with teens or preteens who know how to behave with them.

To avoid any potential for biting or ear or tail pulling, adults should instruct children on proper pet protocol before allowing them to engage with dogs. Your child should learn that they should never try to take a dog's food or approach a dog that is eating. Unsupervised time with a dog is never acceptable for any child.

Even though they are bred to hunt little birds, pet birds may be seen as prey by a springer. Separate them so that they can't damage one another. The beak of a parrot is a potent tool of attack.


Your new English Springer Spaniel puppy should see the vet as soon as possible, regardless of its current health. This checkup is important for ensuring that all vaccines are up to date and detecting any underlying health issues. The sudden onset of symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, irregular urine, eye issues, or severe agitation warrants an instant trip to the vet.

Breeds Similar to the English Springer Spaniel

Here are some other dog breeds to consider if you like spaniels:

American Cocker Spaniel:

The American Cocker Spaniel (and by extension the related English Cocker Spaniel) shares the springer's look. The English Cocker Spaniel is an active and obedient sporting dog. Today's version of this spaniel, which has been bred more for appearance than function, is a wonderful companion dog.

Field Spaniel:

This variety of spaniel was developed more as a show dog than a hunting companion, as seen by its large, flapping ears and darker coloring than that of the standard spaniel. Its sociable, loyal, and smart nature makes it a wonderful family pet.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are a unique breed that manage to bring together the best qualities of both a cuddly toy dog and a lively hunting companion. Its friendly personality makes it a welcome addition to any household.